Remember Jewish Bychawa - Genealogy Group

Pronunciation: Bick-awa

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Bychawa is a town located 25 km. southwest of Lublin and has a current population of 5,327 people.

Jews have resided in Bychawa since at least 1578, and in 1675 the Jewish population was just 17 Jews.

The Jewish community in Bychawa was decimated after the attack of Chmielnicki Massacre.

Although the oldest records mentioning the synagogue in Bychawa date back to as late as 1717,
a wooden synagogue is believed to have been erected somewhere to the east of the market
already in the 1580s or 1590s. In 1765 there were 116 Jews in the town, and in 1778 a hundred
more. There were 14 Jewish and 4 Polish houses situated at the market square in 1779. The 193
Jews constituted 32% of the total population of 606 in 1787. In 1818, Bychawa had 747 inhabitants
including 437 Jews who constituted 58% of the total population of the town in 1830. In 1860 the
number of inhabitants increased to 986 and the 718 Jews constituted 72%. By the end of the 1870s
there were 2,212 people living in the town, and 1,579 (74%) of them were Jews. In 1938 the
number of community members rose to 2,459. . The Jewish community in Bychawa owned the
brick synagogue, a house of prayer, the poorhouse, brick baths, house of the synagogue care-
taker, the cemetery and the square at the synagogue. Jews lived in the northwestern part of the
town, and had their shops along the main road, Turobinska Street. Before World War II the majority
of Jewish houses were located near the market square, with 35 out of 36 houses belonging to Jews.
All the houses at Konska Street also had Jewish owners. There were 26 houses at Koscielna Street,
24 of them owned by Jews. Similarly, only 1 out of 12 houses at Stolarska Street had a non-Jewish
owner. Moreover, there were 10 houses at Boenicza Street, 8 of them owned by Jews.

The Nazis created a ghetto in Bychawa in December 1940 and around 2,600 Jews lived in the ghetto
in 1942. Apart from Jews from Bychawa there were also Jews from Krakow, who arrived in March
1940 and February and March of 1941. Additionally, a significant number of Jews from Lodz were
at some point transferred to Bychawa, and a listing of those Jews is available here. The first
chairman of the Judenrat was Mendel Rajs and his successor was Boruch Herszman -- who became
chairman in March 1941. Herszman was later replaced by Semen Slobodski from Lodz. Other
Juderat members included: Pinkwas Rajs (trader), Abram Zajdler (trader), Moszek Warecki,
Berek Weltman and Szmul Ejdelman. During Semen Slobodski's term of office, new members joined
the Judenrat. They were: Chaim Lewinbaum, Chil Garten, Zelig Flam and Hersz Rutinkier who was a
German Jew and came from Kozmin. The Committee for Aid for Displaced People and Local Poor
(Komisja Pomocy Wysiedlencom i Miejscowym Ubogim) was established by the Jewish Council in 1941.

Jews from Bychawa were transported to the ghetto in Belzyce and then to the gas chambers at
Sobibor Death Camp on October 11, 1942.

The following people were amongst the many who were executed in 1941-1943: Taba Cukierman,
Hana Djament, Abraham Djament, Hana Geriecznik, Icek Goldstejn, Jutka Grabler, Icek Hymblum,
Chaim Hymblum, Chaim Lejzor, D. Lejzor, Maier Lushnan, Chaim Majsler, Hana Majzer, Chaim Miller,
Rywka Rosensztok, Icek Szornesteij, Abraham Szorstain, Hana Wagi, Abram Waga, and Ryfka Zwigler.

The following is a list of the refugees who were in Bychawa on October 1, 1940:

Uszer Nirenberg
Dawid Wizenfeld
Chaim Szrank
Rywka Grynszpan
Icek Kalman Selig
Judka Markowick
Eliasz Tabacznik
Ewa Menche
Nuta Apelsztajn
Jonas Goldsztajn
Moszek Klafter
Mendel Lifszyc
Izrael Wolf Korona
Nuchym Zysler
Szloma Zajderman
Hersz Kopel Farber
Nuhcym Raczykowski
Chaim Grohwas
Majlich Strykowki
Brandla Szafir
Moshe Leffel
Szama Balzam
Moszko Moszkowicz
Szloma Gorlicki
Hersz Tatarko
Lipman Kurek
Iska Gelbart
Moszko Najman
Abram Kuperminc
Wolf Krzepicki
Joel Szpilman
Icek Wolf Szwarc
Binem Rozental
Abram Grynberg
Aron Bryl
Semen Slobodski
Rywka Wajs
Icek Zamberg
Abram Erlich
Szmul Szachta
Majlich Wierzba
Zalman Szwarcberg
Henoch Klajman
Cudyk Klajman
Majer Harmacz
Chaim Lewinbaum
Uszer Laksman
Jankiel Cukier
Malka Cukier
Estera Berenholc
Moshe Sztrasburg
(source: Correspondence with the Jewish Council, Yad Vashem)

Additionally, the following Jews from Janow Lubelski were in Bychawa on Dec. 29, 1940:

Lejzor Dach
Ruchla Dach
Ryza Dach
Chaim Dach
Josef Dach
Jankiel Cukier
Szajndla Cukier
Marjem Cukier
Motek Cukier
Frymeta Cukier
Chemja Cukier
Azriel Cukier
Malka Cukier
Pinkas Klankafman
Zelda Frajberg
Ruchla Frajberg
Moszek Sznajder
Frajda Sznajder
Marjem Sznajder
Abram Icek Sznajder
Fajga Sznajder
Pinkas Szwarzman
Perla Szwarcman
Zlata Szwarcman
Chaja Szwarcman
Moszek Szwarcman
B..(?) Marksblum
Abram Icek Buchbinder
Dwojra Buchbinder
Josef Buchbinder
Matla Buchbinder
Bajla Rojt
Liba Rojt
Lejba Rojt
Basia Rojt
Rywka Rojt
Jankiel Rojt
Symcha Rojt
(source: List of Refugees from Janow Lubelski in Bychawa, Yad Vashem)

Between 1942 and 1943 in the village of Piotrowice, near Bychawa, the Nazis executed 12 Jews.
Their bodies were buried in four graves at the site of the execution. The Lasting Memory Foundation
in conjunction with the Office of the Strzyzewice Commune and the School of Agricultural Crafts in
Piotrowice have erected a monument at the graves of the executed.

A full listing of Jews in Bychawa in December, 1940 is available here.

Please review the site content below. Zachor - We Remember.

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[Jewish Partisans in Poland's Lublin District]
[Partial listing of Krasnik Survivors]
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Learn more at the Sobibor Remembrance Project

.

Map index of key places for the Jewish community: 1. Synagogue - 2. Men's Talmudic school
3. Jewish cultural center - 4. Municipal Office - 5. Mikvah - 6. Secular school - 7. Post office
9. Municipal Court - 11. Old Jewish cemetery - 13. Main Street - 14. Park - 17. New cemetery
18 through 21 - Mills - 24. Route to Lublin




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Photos of victims of the Shoah from Bychawa.



LINKS

Join the Bychawa group on Facebook!


Town of Bychawa:

- Bychawa Yizkor Book (Translation)

Majdan Tatarski Ghetto Victims (Lublin) from Bychawa:

Hersh Nuta Ajnstajn
Icek Ajnztajn
Rebeka Bekierman
Srul Bestelcwajg
Pesia Borenstajn
Icek Fajerajzen
Ruchla Federbusz
Mariem Finkler
Abram Flaksman
Maria Frydmacher
Moszek Aron Klajman
Rywka Nitlich
Icek Szafran
Chil Szyfman
Sura Laja Zyngerman
(source: Brama Grodzka - Teatr NN)

Majdan Tatarski Ghetto Victims (Lublin) from Wysokie:

Szloma Josef Brandt
Moszek Przysucher
(source: Brama Grodzka - Teatr NN)

Survivors of Bychawa:

- Rywka Akierman
- Moshe Baron
- Rywka Braun
- Mordko Bron
- Chaim Braver
- Anna Burk
- Abram Burstein
- Chaim Cohen
- Faiga Cukierman
- Rosa Cukierman
- Szyja Cukierman
- Israel Ehrlich
- Szmul Ehrlich
- Moshe EIchenblat
- Malka Glickstein
- Joseph Green
- Moe Green
- Sura Goldrajch
- Noah Goldstein
- Sima Goldstein Furstenberg
- Tzipora Himmelfarb
- Isaac Kay
- Isaac Kellerstein
- Elka Kirchelmacher
- Abram Klajnman
- Srul Klajman (went to Israel)
- Fajga Kleiman
- Laja Kleiman Sochovolski
- Yakov Kleiman
- Szulim Kloda
- Avram Licht
- Fishel Luksenberg
- Tova Makowitzki
- Fajwel Mandelbaum
- Rywka Mejles Alterman
- Abram Najzer
- Chawa Najzer
- Lejb Pik
- Lejb Reis
- Szmuel Rubin
- Moshe Ruder (Rieder)
- Dr. Leon Sawicki
- Lejzor Stein
- Lea Suchowolski
- Izrael Szyf (went to Israel)
- Noah Szajngarden
- Moszek Szypfer (went to Israel)
- Icek Turobiner
- Hersh Weiman (or Weimann)
- Marion Werbler
- I. Zerubavel
- Chaim Zoltak

Righteous Gentiles:

- Jan and Jadwiga Joc for harboring Jews at Metow.

Genealogy:

- Jewish Records Indexing Poland - Bychawa
- Jewish Vital Records in the Polish State Archives

Remember Your Family:

- The DNA Shoah Project: Connecting Descendants
- Central Judaica Database - Museum of History of Polish Jews
- Grandchildren of Holocaust Survivors on Facebook
- Guide to the YIVO Archives
- Holocaust News/Events from Generations of the Shoah Int'l
- Holocaust Survivors and Victims Database
- JewishGen Family Finder
- JewishGen Holocaust Database
- JRI-Poland: Search for Your Family
- Museum of History of Polish Jews Introduction
- Yad Vashem: Search for Your Family
- Yad Vashem: Submit Names of Your Family Members
- Yad Vashem Requests Photos of Shoah Survivors and Families


CONTACTS

U.S.: Aaron, LublinJewish@gmail.com


HOT LINKS

Chelm.freeyellow.com Index



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