Remember Jewish Chełm - Genealogy Group

"All roads lead to Chelm,
All the world is one big Chelm
."
- Isaac Bashevis Singer

SE POLAND SHTETL LINKS: Bilgoraj | Czemierniki | Dubienka | Grabowiec | Hrubieszow | Izbica | Krasnik | Krasnystaw | Krylow | Laszczow
Lublin | Opatow | Parczew | Piaski | Radzyn | Rejowiec | Sawin | Swierze | Szczebrzeszyn | Tomaszow | Tyszowce | Wlodawa | Zamosc | Zolkiewka

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Chełm is located in southeast Poland and has a current population of 67,700.
The city is southeast of Lublin, north of Zamosc, and 25 km. from the border with Ukraine. The
first mention of Jews living in the city is in the 14th Century. By 1630 the Jewish population was
30% of the total city population. From 1648 to 1657, there was a Cossack war of liberation from
Poland called the Khmelnytsky Uprising, during which 400 Chełm Jews perished. Most Jewish
Ukrainian communities were devastated by the uprising and ensuing massacres.

The community had been revived by the beginning of the 18th century, when the Jews of Chełm
played an important part in the export trade. The Jewish community numbered 1,500 in 1765,
1,902 in 1827, 2,493 in 1857, 7,226 in 1897, 13,537 in 1931, and more than 15,000 in 1939.
The Jewish population in 1921 was 12,064 out of 23,221 total. By 1939, the Jewish population
rose to more than 15,000. Chełm was highly regarded as a center of Torah study in Europe.

The Chełm Ghetto was established in 1940 and lasted until November 15, 1942. It included
~11,000 Jews from Chełm and 2,000 from Slovakia. The Nazis took over the city on Oct. 7, 1939
and immediately initiated a series of pogroms in which scores of Jews lost their lives. Included
in these massacres were executions of Jews at the cemetery. On Dec. 1, 1939, 1,800 Jewish
men from Chełm and nearby Hrubieszow between the ages of 15 and 60 were driven in a death
march
to the Soviet-held town of Sokal. En route, 1,400 of the men were shot. Only 150 survived.

The first mass deportation from Chełm took place in May of 1942, and ~4,100 Jews (including
2,000 Slovakian Jews) were sent to the Sobibor death camp. On October 27, ~3,300 Jews were sent
on a forced march to Sobibor, some 50 km. north of Chełm. On November 6, 1942, around
10,000 Jews of Chełm were sent to Sobibor for extermination. Only a handful of workers were
left in the city's prison; of these, 15 survived and were liberated on July 22, 1944. Those who had left
for Russia in 1939 probably joined the army. Several Jews lived in Chełm until the 1950s.

Prof. Stanislaw Batawia of Poland says that the Chelm Lubelski Hospital patients -- including 128
women, 304 men, and 18 children -- were shot on the hospital grounds, and then mass-buried under
the eyes of the Polish hospital staff in Jan. 1940. The S.S. wanted the hospital for its quarters.
The Nazis destroyed most Jewish buildings, including the synagogue located on the corner of Krzywa
and Szkolna Streets. A small synagogue in Chełm was built in 1912 from donations of the
Jewish population. In 2006 the synagogue was turned into a Polish bar called "McKenzie Saloon".
About 21 houses of prayer in the city were private. Most of them were situated on Adrjanowska,
Lubelska, Szkolna and Wesola Streets. The oldest house of prayer, owned by Fiszel Lowensztajn,
stood at 8 Adrjanowska Street and dated from 1852. In 1862 another prayer house that belonged
to Mr. Rajtman was established at 2 Siedlecka Street. In the 1880s new prayer houses owned
by the families Rozenter, Engel, Wajc, Horowic and Nuwendsztern were established.

The Nazi murderers also killed an estimated 30,000 Soviet Prisoners of War and Italian Prisoners
of War and buried them in the Borek woods, near Chelm. Josef Reznik, a Jewish soldier in the Polish
Army who had been incarcerated in Majdanek, was forced to bury these victims. Learn more.
The Nazis in charge of the deportations and murders in Chelm were Rudi Theimer (Thoimer), (Otto?) Horn,
Rolfinger (or Rohlfing), Selch, Steinert, Schlesinger, Rashendorf (or Raschendorfer), and Bielisch
(Max Beulich?). The Chelm Yizkor book mentions Jewish collaborators Pinkhassel and Bochenski.
It is unclear if they were locales or brought from another locale.

The Chelm cemetery is located at Kolejowa Street and dates back to the 17th Century. Fifty graves
are still visible at the cemetery and a memorial has been erected to memorialize the community.
Once a thriving Jewish city, today there is no Jewish population or sign of Jewish life in Chełm.

Please review the site content below. Zachor - We Remember.

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[History] [Surnames] [Notable Residents] [Wikipedia - Chełm] [Holocaust]
[Personal Accounts] [Yizkor Books] [Synagogues] [Education]
[USHMM Photos] [Unidentified Jews] [Chełm Photo Recovery Project]
[March of the Chelm Jews to Sokal] [1] [Martyr List (incomplete)] [1]
[Ghetto Uprising] [Pre-War Jewish Property List (incomplete)]
[Yizkor Translation Project ] [English Draft of Yizkor Book] [Donate!]
[Yahad-in-Unum Investigation in Staw near Chelm, 2011]
[Jewish Cemetery] [1] [Family Research in Southeast Poland]
[Chełmer Organization of Israel] [Chelm: Tracing the Lost Shtetl (in Hebrew)]
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Learn more at the Sobibor Remembrance Project

Exterior of the large synagogue in Chełm, destroyed in the Holocaust.


Pre-war views of Chelm.




See also: Chelm Map #2, a larger version that includes more monuments.

The Berland family at the Chełm cemetery in 1916.



Reconstruction of the Jewish Old Age Home in Chelm.

Class of elementary students at the Yiddish folkshul, 1926.



Unidentified Jewish girls from Chelm.

Unidentified Jewish girls from Chelm.

Unidentified Jewish children at a park in Chelm.

Jews from Wola Uhruska (Uhrusk) near Chelm: From top left: Lowa Gil (b: 1908) and Ester Gil (b: 1918),
murdered at Sobibor; Itzhok Cyberman (b: 1895), murdered at Sobibor. The family picture is him & his family.


Sisters Chaja and Mira Kneppel on the market in Chelm.


Pre-war photo at Chelm Jewish cemetery, Szuchmacher family pictured.


A summer camp in Uhrusk where Chelm youngsters went.

Lejbusz and Chaja Horowitz of Chelm.

Icek (Yitzhak) Bauman of Chelm.

Unidentified family from Chelm.

Dina and Abraham Rybak from Siedliszcze near Chelm.

Jews from Siedliszcze and Sawin, near Chelm.

Jews from Rejowiec near Chelm.

Abraham Szmuklerman and his family, from Rejowiec near Chelm.

Fishbein family of Chelm.

Aron Zyskind and his wife, living in pre-war Chelm.





A photo compilation of the Glincman family.






A photo of Chełm survivors, circa 1950. Contact us if you can identify anyone in the image.


Dugouts, which served as living quarters for prisoners in Stalag 319 -- a Nazi-built camp
for Soviet prisoners of war. Photo taken in Chelm, between 1941 and 1944.
.




Learn more about the Sobibor Survivors here.


Escapees from the Sobibor Death Camp, including several from Chelm.


Jewish partisans in Chelm: Abram Kohn, Itke (Ilana) Safran, Israel Trager.


Mount Pleasant Cemetery in Quebec dedicated a memorial to Chelm Jews in 1959.

Renovated Chełm cemetery.

Cemetery in the Borek Forest. This location is close to the municipal cemetery.
Here lie the prisoners from Stalag 319B and the Jews from the ghetto in Chelm. About
three hundred people from the Chelm Ghetto are buried at this location.



Malkow, Poland -- the site where 50 Jews were buried on the march from Hrubieszow to Sokal.
Zbigniew Nizinski from The Lasting Memory Foundation is working to memorialize these victims.








LINKS

Join the Chełm group on Facebook!

City of Chełm:

Article: A 60 Year Old Treasure is Found in Poland
Autograph Book from Haya Berger of Chelm (from Eli Morav)
The Chassidic Route: Chelm
Chelm eGroup
Chelm Yizkor Books Online (no English)
Chelm Yizkor Book Translation
Foundation for Preservation of Jewish Heritage: Chelm
Yizkor Book Memorials
Chelm Death March Victims - "Sefer Ha'Zvaot"
"Child of the Holocaust" by Jack Kuper
Tribute to Jews killed at the Chelm Death March
Zydzi w Chelmie (Book, 2010)
There were two Chelm shuls on the lower east side of Manhattan:
Chelmer Erste Congregation, with 27 members; President, Baruch
Rosenbaum; Secretary, Gabriel Raiff; and Shomrei Ha-dath Anshei
Chelm, 22 members + cemetery. President Alter Saltz, born 1877.
List of Chelm Surnames Buried in NYC Plots
Mount Pleasant Cemetery (Duvernay, Quebec)

Families of Chełm:

More unidentified people
Baum family
Berland family
Binstock family
Boden family
Boxer family
Blumenfeld family
Brucker family
Cwibel family
Czesny/Czesner family
Elster family
Erber family
Fishbein family
Gaum family
Gipsz family
Goldman family
Grynbojm family
Horowitz family
Korenzyer family
Lazer family
Lender family
Lorber family
Milchtajch family
Mitzflickier family
Morgenstern family
Nisenbaum family
Schwartz family
Shargil family
Stein family
Szpic family
Szuchmacher family
Trager family
Winnick family
Zak family
Zilberman family
Zimmerman family
Zisman/Zysman/Zussman family
Zyskind family

Rabbis of Chełm:

- Judah Aaron, 1522
- Elijah Ba'al Shem ben Judah Aaron, 1570-1583
- Samuel Eidels, 1606-1615
- Shlomo of Chelm
- Yitzhak Hochgelernter
- Shlomo Yehuda Lederer
- Hershel Jozefowicz
- Josef Mincer, 1890-1903
- Josef Kagan, 1910-1918
- Majer Najhaus, 1922-unknown
- Chaim Nuta Mandelbojm
- Yehuda Lejb Milner
- Israel Najhojz
- Gedalia Leiner
- Moshe Adamchyk
- Yehuda Mendelson
- Gemaliel Hochman
- Yakov Nisenbaum
- Piney Szaijdwajser

Survivors of Chełm:
Note: Additional survivors listed in Pinkas HaNitzolim II
and Chelm Jews Escape from the Borek Forest

Rojza Agres
Shlomo Alster
Leon Applewhite
Abram Avtiglitz
Srul Bajtelman
Sara "Sheila" Perec Bernard Etons

Chava Cherniak Biber (testimony)
Chana Binsztock
Fajga Binsztock
Tauba Herz Binstzock (went to El Salvador)
Felus Birenbaum
Rachel Ejber Birnbaum
Chana Bitman
Ludwig Borenstein
Wolf "William" Borenstein
Yaakov Bursztajn
Indyta Cosnac
Malka Czesner (went to Sweden or Australia)
Leon Cymiel
Zygmunt Czerniakowski
Edward Dunietz
Sonja Epelsztejn
Yehoshua Epstein
Rose Farbiarz
Leon Fejgenbaum
Celia Feldman
Motel Friedman
Saul Friszman (Fryszman)
Jack G.
Mosze Ganc
Baruch Gelerman
Ela Globen
Arie Goldberg
Szlema Goldman
Solem Goldman
Szulim Goldman
Zelik Goldman
Sylvia Greenspan
Miriam Grinwald
Fajga Handelsman (went to Israel)
Szaja Sydney Herc (Hertz)
Sonia Ribeizen Hurgin
Felicia Berland Hyatt (testimony)
Esther Feldman Icikson
Wladyslaw Iwaszczukiewicz
Mary Jannol
Nella Gelberg Juffe
Chaim Kac/Katz
Jacob Kachaner
Gitla Erlich Kagan (video testimony)
Mimi Yurfest Kanner
May Sherman Kaplan
Ethel Karp
Hanka Kent (video testimony)
Miryam Krajzel (Krayzel)
Jacob Kuperblum
Genia Laks
Ryszard Lecinski
Tsilah Lentsiski
Rachel Lichtman
Tsivia Korenzyer Levy
Esther Ajzen Lewin
Jonah Lotan
Zelda Kelberman Metz
Josef Milner (went to El Salvador)
Abraham Mitelman
Itsik Mitzflikier
Moshe Mitzflicker (Micflikier)
Abraham Nachman
Dawid Nankin
Samuel Nonkin
Yehuda Nudel
Maria Ochlewska (born Estera Horn)
Chaim Powroznik
Bessie Drecksler Punsky
Esther Terner Raab
Irving Raab
Marsha Raubvogel
Chuma Rendler, aka Natalie Gonenn
Samuel Rendler
David Rolnik
Hala Rosenberg
Phyllis Rosenberg
Sara Rozen, aka Christine Damski
Motel Rozenkopf
Chana Salzman
Hersz Schechterson
Jacob Schmaltz
Rubin Shafran
Josef Sierczuk (Serchuck)
Alex Silber
Fira Silberbach
Ella Smolarz
Dysia Sonenreich
Mala Steinberg
Bernice Goldman Stemer
Henry Sztokfisz (Stockfish)
Tova Szulklaper
Lejba Ber Szyf
Rose Toren
Lenia Torn
Israel Srulke Trager
Natan Warman
Sol Warsager
Menajza Weit
Chaim Wertman/Wortman
Dr. Naum Wortman
Kalmen Wewryk
Maina Wilenko
Ajdla Wojentrajter
Aaron Yermus
Regina Feldman Zielinska (video testimony)
Ruchla Zimmerbaum
Efrajm Zinger (liberated from Langenstein Camp)

Notable Residents of Chelm:

Full Listing: Notable Residents
(Note: Full listing excludes those listed below.)
Leon Fleischer
Tzipora Livneh
Rose Schneiderman
Celia Zuckerberg Zylbercweig

Righteous People of Chelm:

- Grzegorz Czyzyk
- Leon Palaszewski
- Wrona family

Genealogy:

Jewish Records Indexing Poland - Chelm
Jewish Vital Records in the Polish State Archives

Remember Your Family:

The DNA Shoah Project: Connecting Descendants
Central Judaica Database - Museum of History of Polish Jews
Grandchildren of Holocaust Survivors on Facebook
Guide to the YIVO Archives
Holocaust News/Events from Generations of the Shoah Int'l
Holocaust Survivors and Victims Database
JewishGen Family Finder
JewishGen Holocaust Database
JRI-Poland: Search for Your Family
Museum of History of Polish Jews Introduction
Yad Vashem: Search for Your Family
Yad Vashem: Submit Names of Your Family Members
Yad Vashem Requests Photos of Shoah Survivors and Families


CONTACTS

ISRAEL: Shaun Waksman, shaunwaksman@gmail.com
Kish 42, Petah Tikva 49235 ISRAEL
Jewish - Chelm . org

U.S.: Aaron, genealogykid20@aol.com



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