Memorial to the Victims of the Dorohucza Labor Camp

Established in 1943, the Dorohucza Labor Camp -- just a few miles from Trawniki on the River
Wieprz -- was established in the Lublin district. It was a peat-cutting camp where the production
of the peat could be used as fuel by the Waffen S.S. Another labor camp in the Lublin district was
called Dorohusk, which was located between Chelm and Dubienka and was an hour east. Water
works/management was the primary form of slave labor at the Dorohusk Labor Camp.

The deportations to Dorohucza began in March, 1943 when the labor camp became operational.
About half of the slave laborers at the camp were Polish Jews and the other half were Dutch Jews.
The first group of Dutch Jews arrived at Dorhucza on March 13, 1943. A transport of 81 Dutch
Jews from Sobibor Death Camp arrived at Dorohucza on June 4, 1943. Three Dutch Jews -- Joop
Wins, Leo de Vries, and Jules Schelvis -- were allowed to leave Dorohucza on June 13, 1943. They
were dispatched to Lublin and then later deported to Radom, where they served as typists for the Nazis.

The Dorohucza labor camp consisted of three approximately equally large barracks, which were
arranged in a U-shape around a square Appellplatz. On the fourth side of the Appellplatz was a barrack
for S.S. personnel. This barrack was flanked left by a barrack for the Ukrainian guards and right by the
kitchen. These three buildings were outside the fence. Inside this fence stood a watchtower. The turf
fields were located across from the river.

The manager of the camp was S.S. Underscharfuhrer Schlimm. (Full name is not known at this time.)
Ten Poles were employed as supervisors; Ukrainian guards were at the camp as well. An incomplete
listing of camp Nazis is available here.

A fluctuating number of Jewish men and women -- estimated to be 1,000 at a time -- were
imprisoned at the camp as slave laborers. Prisoners would typically last a month or two and then
die due to the harsh conditions. At the nearby Trawniki Labor Camp, every few days a selection was
made by the S.S., and those "unfit" for work were led to Sobibor or the Dorohucza for their deaths.

The working and living conditions in the Dorohucza Labor Camp were extremely poor. A description
from prisoner Jules Schelvis:

"In Dorohucza, we lacked the most basic amenities. The inmates who were there were sleeping
in dilapidated barracks. The roof had large gaps, so that lying on the bare floor, one had an
unobstructed view of the sky. There was always a penetrating stench of dirty clothes and
unwashed bodies. Drinking water was not there. We were given black gunk they called coffee
and soup, which consisted of half a liter of water with pieces of sauerkraut and an almost
transparent slice of dog food. The water from the river that flowed past the camp was un-
drinkable. It was very dirty, because the river also served as a laundry room by the prisoners
when they unsuccessfully tried to get rid of their lice after work."

In the summer of 1943, 7,000 cubic yards of peat were cut and netted a profit of 265,000 zlotys for
the German murderers. Jews who remained in the Lublin district were all murdered in the Aktion
Erntefest
on November 3-4, 1943. The Dorohucza Jews were murdered on November 3, 1943.

A different source indicates that in October or November of 1943, some of the remaining prisoners at
Dorohucza were sent away to two locations: Treblinka Death Camp and another undisclosed place.
This seems to be a mistake. Sobibor was much closer to Dorohucza than was Treblinka. The Jews at
Dorohucza were murdered on November 3, 1943 -- along with the Trawniki Labor Camp's slave laborers.

"In Memoriam Lezecher", a book, contains names of 144 Dutch Jews murdered during the Aktion Erntefest
in Dorohucza. Two other sources about the camp include: Schelvis, Jules. "Vernichtungslager Sobibor"
(Metropol Verlag, Berlin, 1998) and Schelvis, Jules. "Binnen de poorten, 7e druk" (De Bataafsche Leeuw,
Amsterdam, 2003).


A photo either from the Dorohucza Labor Camp, or a nearby camp called Dorohusk.
At Dorohusk Jewish slave laborers focused on water management. At Dorohucza, peat works.

Victims of Dorohucza:
(Partial Listing)

- Dr. Bersztejn, a physician from Bialystok
- Gerszon Brzoza, an architect from Lodz
- Dr. Mieczyslaw Cejtlin, a physician from Warsaw
- His wife, Ha. Cejtlinowa
- Rebeka Cytryn Reinstein, an attorney from Warsaw
- Dr. Mojzesz Fogel, a physician from Warsaw
- Dr. Jan Frendler of Warsaw, a physician -- died Sept. 14, 1943
- His wife, Elzbieta Frendler
- Dawid Kirszter, an attorney from Lodz**
- Fabian Szpira, formerly a law student in the Jagiellonian University**
- Dr. Moric Zajfe, a dentist from Kalisz and Warsaw
- Zyngier, a dentist from Bialystok

** Died before September, 1943.

Escapees from Dorohucza

- Bronka Fefer
- Adam Melcer
- Jules Schelvis

Links

- Testimony of S.S. man Robert Juhrs


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