Wieprz -- was established in the Lublin district. It was a peat-cutting camp where the production
of the peat could be used as fuel by the Waffen S.S. Another labor camp in the Lublin district was
called Dorohusk, which was located between Chelm and Dubienka and was an hour east. Water
works/management may have been the primary form of slave labor at the Dorohusk labor camp.
The deportations to Dorohucza began in March, 1943 when the labor camp became operational.
About half of the slave laborers at the camp were Polish Jews and the other half were Dutch Jews.
The first group of Dutch Jews arrived at Dorhucza on March 13, 1943. A transport of 81 Dutch
Jews from Sobibor Death Camp arrived at Dorohucza on June 4, 1943. Three Dutch Jews -- Joop
Wins, Leo de Vries, and Jules Schelvis were allowed to leave Dorohucza on June 13, 1943 -- were
sent to Lublin and then later deported to Radom where they served as typists.
The Dorohucza labor camp consisted of three approximately equally large barracks, which were
arranged in a U-shape around a square Appellplatz. On the fourth side of the Appellplatz was a
barrack for S.S. personnel. This barrack was flanked left by a barrack for the Ukrainian guards and
right by the kitchen. These three buildings were outside the fence. Inside this fence stood a
watchtower. The turf fields were located across from the river.
The manager of the camp was S.S. Underscharfuhrer Schlimm. Ten Poles were employed as
supervisors. Ukrainian guards were at the camp as well. A list of camp Nazis is available here.
A fluctuating number of Jewish men and women -- estimated to be 1,000 at a time -- were
imprisoned at the camp as slave laborers. Prisoners would typically last a month or two and then
die due to the harsh conditions.
At Trawniki, every few days a selection was made by the S.S., and those "unfit" for work led to
Sobibor or the Dorohucza peat mine.
The working and living conditions in the camp were extremely poor. A description from prisoner
"In Dorohucza, we lacked the most basic amenities. The inmates who were there were sleeping
in dilapidated barracks. The roof had large gaps, so that lying on the bare floor, one had an
unobstructed view of the sky. There was always a penetrating stench of dirty clothes and
unwashed bodies. Drinking water was not there. We were given black gunk they called coffee
and soup, which consisted of half a liter of water with pieces of sauerkraut and an almost
transparent slice of dog food. The water from the river that flowed past the camp was un-
drinkable. It was very dirty, because the river also served as a laundry room by the prisoners
when they unsuccessfully tried to get rid of their lice after work."
In summer, 1943, 7,000 cubic yards of peat were cut and netted a profit of 265,000 zlotys for
the German murderers.
Jews in the Lublin district were all murdered in the Aktion Erntefest on November 3-4,
1943. The Dorohucza Jews were murdered on November 3, 1943. Another source indicated
that in October or November of 1943, some of the remaining prisoners at Dorohucza were sent
away to two locations: Treblinka Death Camp and another undisclosed place. Sobibor was much
closer to Dorohucza than was Treblinka. It is believed that the Jews at Dorohucza were primarily
murdered on November 3, 1943.
"In Memoriam Lezecher", a book, contains names of 144 Dutch Jews murdered during the
Aktion Erntefest in Dorohucza. Two other sources about the camp include: Schelvis,
Jules. "Vernichtungslager Sobibor" (Metropol Verlag, Berlin, 1998) and Schelvis, Jules.
"Binnen de poorten, 7e druk" (De Bataafsche Leeuw, Amsterdam, 2003).
A photo either from the Dorohucza Labor Camp, or a nearby camp called Dorohusk.
At Dorohusk Jewish slave laborers focused on water management. At Dorohucza, peat works.
- Dr. Bersztejn, a physician from Bialystok
- Gerszon Brzoza, an architect from Lodz
- Dr. Mieczyslaw Cejtlin, a physician from Warsaw
- His wife, Ha. Cejtlinowa
- Rebeka Cytryn Reinstein, an attorney from Warsaw
- Dr. Mojzesz Fogel, a physician from Warsaw
- Dr. Jan Frendler of Warsaw, a physician -- died Sept. 14, 1943
- His wife, Elzbieta Frendler
- Dawid Kirszter, an attorney from Lodz**
- Fabian Szpira, formerly a law student in the Jagiellonian University**
- Dr. Moric Zajfe, a dentist from Kalisz and Warsaw
- Zyngier, a dentist from Bialystok
** Died before September, 1943.
Escapees from Dorohucza
- Bronka Fefer
- Adam Melcer
- Jules Schelvis
- Testimony of S.S. man Robert Juhrs