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In 1593 King Zygmunt III allowed Jews to settle down in Dubienka. Shortly after, the first Jewish
settlers appeared in the town. Due to the 'privilege', Jews were eligible to use the synagogue. They
produced and sold alcohol and also slaughtered cattle to sell meat in slaughterhouses (jatki).
Jews living in Dubienka were not only engaged in trade, but also in ship construction and sales.
In 1630, Dubienka was home to 204 Jews. They constituted 21% of the total town population. In
1661, Jews had to pay Christians 18 gr. for each corner house, 12 gr. for each inn and 6 gr. for each
small house. In 1754 a huge fire broke out in Dubienka and 18 vineyards, 60 tenement houses,
36 Christian houses and 29 Jewish houses were destroyed. In 1768, Dubienka's population was
2,318 citizens, including 1,560 Jews. In 1897, the local rabbi was Sucher-Ber Kowartowski, .
In 1921 Dubienka was home to 1,204 Jews who represented 40% of the total population. In the inter-
war years there were a synagogue owned by the community and three private houses of prayer, one
of established in 1893. Due to missing documents it is difficult to specify its original location. A mikveh
and a Jewish cemetery were run by the community. Six nearby localities were under the Dubienka kehilla.
In the 1920s and 1930s the economic situation of Jews there considerably deteriorated, which made
them emigrate abroad or other centers in the country. There were political parties and organizations
like the Bund, Agudath Isroel and other Zionist parties active in Dubienka. In the early 1930s the
'Jawne', Jewish Association for Culture and Education -- was set up to run educational activity for
adults. In 1930, a Jewish Orthodox religious school for girls, Beit Jakow, was open and run in Dubienka.
It is unclear what the Jewish population of Dubienka was at the outbreak of the war. A good estimate is
around 2,500 Jews out of around 4,000 people living in the village. Fifty-four Jews were murdered by the
Nazis at the beginning of the occupation. In the spring of 1940, hundreds of Jews aged 17 and above
were sent to construct new camps in the area around Belzec. The Dubienka ghetto included 100 Jews from
Krakow and 800 from Mielec. In May 1942, the German authorities reported that there were 2,907 Jews in the ghetto.
On May 22, 1942 an Aktion against the Jews took place during which a number were shot at the Jewish cemetery.
The Jews in the Dubienka ghetto were forced to go to Hrubieszow, and then were taken on trains to
the extermination camp at Sobibor. On June 2, 1942, a total of 2,670 Jews from Dubienka were sent
to the Sobibor Death Camp. This transport is described by eyewitness Dr. Michael Temchin, who was
on the transport but was able to escape one of the train cars, in his book "The Witch Doctor."
Two women from Dubienka, Serka Katz and Bajla Sobol, were alive until October of 1943 in Sobibor.
However they were murdered in the Sobibor uprising or sometime shortly after, per Ada Lichtman.
After this deportation Aktion, only about 200 Jewish craftsmen were left in the ghetto. They were deported
to Hrubieszow ghetto and murdered soon afterwards, in the middle of August, 1942.
In 1994, the "Memorial Book Dubienka, Skryhiczyn, and Dorohusk" was published in Israel.
Please donate to the Jewish Records Index - Poland translation of Dubienka records.
Without your support, we can't appropriately memorialize our families.
Please review the site content below. Zachor - We Remember.
[History] [Wikipedia - Dubienka]
[Yahad-in-Unum Investigation in Dubienka, 2011]
[JewishGen Kehila Links - Dubienka]
Click to subscribe to Dubienka
Learn more at the Belzec Remembrance Project
Learn more at the Sobibor Remembrance Project
The city of Dubienka, pre-war.
Chelmska Street in Dubienka, pre-war.
The downtown area of the city of Dubienka, pre-war.
Dubienka 1931. The women are likely from the Bitterman family. The men are from a different family.
Contact me if you can identify anyone in the photo.
Dubienka residents who had moved to the U.S., 1937 in New York.
Szrojt family. Shalom Szrojt, pictured on the right, was a Hebrew teacher. He had two sons:
Yehuda in Dubienka and Dov in Grabowiec. Additional photos of this family are in Yad Vashem.
Join the Dubienka group on Facebook!
City of Dubienka:
Dubienka Almanac in Memory of the Martyrs
Dubienka During the War: Video Testimony of Ada Lichtman
Dubienka During the War: Written Testimony of Ada Lichtman
Making Cholent in Dubienka with Celia Ores
Sobibor Transports During the Holocaust
Testimony of Jews in Dubienka during the Holocaust
Zuckerman Sisters from Dubienka Reunited with Family of Rescuers
Families of Dubienka:
Majdan Tatarski Ghetto Victims (Lublin) from Dubienka:
(source: Brama Grodzka - Teatr NN)
Notable People of Dubienka
- Jacob Sholem Herc (Hertz)
Survivors of Dubienka:
- Masia Abend
- Dosia Batz
- Samek Batz
- Malka Braum
- Jonah Cukierman
- Ita Kaminer (survived in Tehran)
- Hersh Goldwyn
- Ester Grynfeld Abend
- Adam Lipszyc
- Allen Mastbaum (audio testimony)
- Celia Ores (video testimony)
- Bertha Reis
- Gordon Reis
- Sam Szor (video testimony)
- Sam Weinstein
- Eva Wolkowicz
Righteous Gentiles of Dubienka:
- Nechipor family of Kontenivka near Dubienka
- Jerzy Radzio rescued three Jews from the area
Jewish Records Indexing Poland - Dubienka
Jewish Vital Records in the Polish State Archives
Remember Your Family:
The DNA Shoah Project: Connecting Descendants
Central Judaica Database - Museum of History of Polish Jews
Grandchildren of Holocaust Survivors on Facebook
Guide to the YIVO Archives
Holocaust News/Events from Generations of the Shoah Int'l
Holocaust Survivors and Victims Database
JewishGen Family Finder
JewishGen Holocaust Database
JRI-Poland: Search for Your Family
Museum of History of Polish Jews Introduction
Yad Vashem: Search for Your Family
Yad Vashem: Submit Names of Your Family Members
Yad Vashem Requests Photos of Shoah Survivors and Families