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In the 16th century, Yaakov ben Yitzchak Ashkenazi, author of the "Tsenah u'Re'enah", lived
in Janow Lubelski. A traveler reported in 1678 that the Jews there owned especially well-built
houses. In 1770, Jewish bakers and butchers were prohibited from selling bread or meat to
non-Jews, and in general from trading outside the Jewish area. There were 390 Jewish families
in 1765 and 2,881 Jewish individuals who made up 44.8% of the total population of the town.
In the Janow Lubelski district in 1921 there were 13,407 Jews, representing 10 percent of the whole.
By 1939, the total Jewish population of Janow Lubelski was between 2,881 and 3,500 Jews.
Janow Lubelski features in the short stories by of Isaac Bashevis Singer, including "Yentl the Yeshiva
Boy", "Naftali the Storyteller and His Horse Sus", "The Beggar Said So", and "The Brooch."
After the occupation of Janow by the Nazis, in 1940, about 1,000 Jews were confined to a labor camp
established at Bialska Street. They were tasked with clearing rubble, dismantling burned houses, and
loading debris onto carts. In March 1941, a few hundred Jews from Vienna were deported to Janow
Lubelski. Additionally, Jews from Janow Lubelski were transported to other locations within the Lublin
district such as Krasnik, Tarnogrod, and Lublin. Additionally, a series of slave labor camps were
set up in the area in and around Janow Lubelski. The labor camps included: Budzyn, Chrzanow,
Frampol, Janiszow, Lysakow, Skret (Krasnik), and Zaklikow. The
camps were brutal, and Jews dispatched to these camps rarely made it out alive.
In 1942, mass executions of Jews were carried out at the Jewish cemetery, near the prison and at
the synagogue -- all in Janow Lubelski. Jews were brought to the execution sites on farmer's carts
or on trucks guarded by the police. Then they were forced to dig their own graves before being murdered.
Around 300 Jews were murdered at the Jewish cemetery and the number murdered at other locales
in town is not known. In August 1942, most of the Jewish population was sent to the nearby towns of
Zaklikow and Krasnik and were afterward deported to the death camp in Belzec.
The Jewish partisan movement was very active in the Janow Lubelski area because of the dense
forests that provided cover for Jews seeking refuge from the Nazi murderers. Abraham Bron,
partisan name Adolf, operated a unit that had 40 persons around Krasnik, where the Budzyn
and Krasnik (Skret) Labor Camps were located, by the end of 1942. This group was among the
most successful partisan groups in all of Europe in terms of achievement. The Bron partisan group
set up a family camp in the forests in which Jewish elderly, women, and children could stay under
the protection of the partisan fighters. Unfortunately, despite significant successes, very few of
the Bron partisans ended up surviving, due in part to betrayal from their own allies in the Polish army.
The Tadeusz Kosciuszko unit was a mixed unit including Dr. Jozef Szapiro, a leader in pre-war
Krasnik, and Ciencow, a Russian non-Jew. Non-Jews in the unit also included Jan Plowas, Edward
Plowas, Stefan Staregowski, Edward Gronczewski, Jan Pytl, and Jan Wzietek. This was a left-
wing unit which successfully liberated the Janiszow Labor Camp near Annopol on November 6,
1942. Although all of the prisoners were free to leave the camp, they had no resources such as
food and arms, and many were either caught and killed or caught and sent to the Budzyn Labor Camp.
Around 60 prisoners successfully escaped, but were eventually attacked and murdered by armed
Polish groups. Peter Ignar (or Ignat), the camp's brutal Nazi commandant, was executed.
Two other partisan groups in the Janow Lubelski area were the Janowski and Wanda Wasilewska units,
which included several dozen Jews among many Russians. Additional Jewish partisan groups in the
area, which we are missing information about, included: a Jewish partisan unit from Frampol that had
escaped from the ghetto; a group under Yaakov Freitag that had escaped from the village of Reczyca
in Pulawy County; a group under Reuven Yehoshua Pintele's leadership; a group that escaped
from Majdanek or Lipowa 7 under the leadership of a partisan named Robert; and several non-
Jewish Polish fighting groups. Robert's Majdanek escapees carried out a successful ambush on the
road near Bychawa, attacking two trucks carrying gendarmes, on October 15, 1942. In July of 1942,
Armia Ludowa partisan detachment "Jastrzab" led by Antoni Palen burned a sawmill and lumber
depot in Janowek, near Janow Lubelski. Few of the Jewish partisans ended up surviving the war.
Nazis in Janow Lubelski included: Karl Streibel, Otto Stoessenreuther, Henning von Winterfeld,
Hans Adolf Asbach, and Kurt Lenk. Their fates are not known.
Please review the site content below. Zachor - We Remember.
[Jewish Partisans in Poland's Lublin District]
[Partial listing of Krasnik Survivors]
Click to subscribe to Krasnik
Learn more at the Belzec Remembrance Project
Young Jews in Janow Lubelski, before WWI. Chana-Gita Blumenkranz (second row from the bottom,
on the left) and Rachel-Basia Blumenkranz (second row from the top, on the left) are the only
people identified in the picture. It appears that they belonged to the Hechalutz movement.
The market square in Janow Lubelski.
Elderly Jews in the Janow Lubelski ghetto.
Left to right, first row (ground): Haika Grymbaum, Hava Burstein, unknown, Mischa Stahlhammer.
Others not identified. The Janow Lubelski/Krasnik partisans of the Bron unit.
Bron partisan fighters against the Nazis. Back row, l-r: Abraham Bron, unknown; Mordko Grynbaum;
Shlomo Zismelech; Yaakov Bursztyn; David (last name unk.), Yosef Graisman. Front: Rivka Bursztyn
& husband Mordko Bursztyn; unknown; Hava Fabrikant Bursztyn (wife of Yaakov/Jacob Burstyn).
Abraham Bron, Hersh Brener (tentative), Yosef Grosman (tentative).
During the Nazi occupation, Moszek Hamer (left) and Motek Goldhecht (right) were hiding
in the forests located near Janow Lubelski. Moszek lost nearly all his family living in this area.
His grandparents, Azriel and Szifra, were killed by the Nazis in Janow Lubelski. In autumn 1942
in Przymiarki, a group of Polish bandits executed 48 men of Jewish origin. One of the victims was
Awrum Hamer, Moszek’s father. In spring 1943, on Passover Eve, German soldiers murdered his
mother Chanele and his elder sister Mania. They were killed in the vicinity of Jarugi forest. Apart
from Moszek, the only survivor of the family was his younger sister Nechama. Motek was born in
Warsaw. In 1942, he fled the Warsaw ghetto, arrived in Annopol and headed towards Godziszow
near Janow Lubelski. Having arrived in the village on foot, he visited his acquaintances from
Warsaw -- the Grosman family. Motek and other Jews fled into the local woods. Three of Motek's
friends -- Mosze, Tuvia and Chaim Grosmans -- were executed in Przymiarki. The only survivor was
their mother, Chana, who along with Motek took care of Moszek and Nechama Hamer. Many
persecuted Jews in Godziszow village were supported by Maciej Gajur and Stanisław Pudlo. Many
years later, following the request of Motek Goldhecht, Yad Vashem Institute in Jerusalem post-
humously honored the two Poles as the Righteous Among the Nations of the World.
Join the Janow group on Facebook!
Town of Janow Lubelski:
- Between Nazis and Soviets
- The Bombing of Janow
- Descendants of Janow Lubelski in Israel
- Determined to Fight
- Krasnik Jewish Genealogy eGroup
- Teatrnn.pl: Janow Lubelski (in Polish)
List of Victims of Fire from Janow Residing in Tarnogrod:
Ita Bron (Brohn)
Date: Nov. 1, 1941
(source: Tarnogrod Judenrat; Yad Vashem)
Holocaust Survivors of Janow Lubelski:
- Szymon Fajnsztejn
- Yitzchak Feferkirchen
- Ruben Feferkirchen
- Beniamin Flajszer
- Chil Gutener
- Dawid Halpern
- Chil Himmel
- Chaim Hirszman
- Yosef Kleiner
- Chaim Kuperstock
- Josef Liszyc
- Szandla Mark
- Szymon Mark
- Guera Nachberg
- Hanoch Prozansky
- Szloma Rajchenberg
- Miriam Shapiro Spiegel
- Yisrael Umflat
- Szulim Underhalter
- Don Weidenbaum
- Benzion Zlotnik
Rabbis of Janow Lubelski:
- unknown Goldstejn, died in 1914
- Icek Majer Broder
- Chaskiel Halbersztam from Rudki
Notable People of Janow Lubelski:
- Szmuel Getman (Jan Getsman)
- Chaim Hirszman
- Jewish Records Indexing Poland - Janow
- Jewish Vital Records in the Polish State Archives
Remember Your Family:
- The DNA Shoah Project: Connecting Descendants
- Central Judaica Database - Museum of History of Polish Jews
- Grandchildren of Holocaust Survivors on Facebook
- Guide to the YIVO Archives
- Holocaust News/Events from Generations of the Shoah Int'l
- Holocaust Survivors and Victims Database
- JewishGen Family Finder
- JewishGen Holocaust Database
- JRI-Poland: Search for Your Family
- Museum of History of Polish Jews Introduction
- Yad Vashem: Search for Your Family
- Yad Vashem: Submit Names of Your Family Members
- Yad Vashem Requests Photos of Shoah Survivors and Families
Israel: Janow Lubelski Society in Israel,
Zafrira Malovany Shmukler
U.S.: Aaron, firstname.lastname@example.org