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community had established a synagogue, prayer house and cemetery. In 1766, 247
Jews lived in town. In 1856, the town had a total of 1,625 residents, including 943 (58%)
Jews. In 1897 there were 2,618 people living in the town and Jews constituted 59%
(1,568) of the total population. In 1921, sixty percent of the 1,752 people in town were
Jewish. Supporters of a tzaddik from Kock had established their shtibl in Komarow around
1850. Before the war, there were about 1,752 Jewish inhabitants out of 2,895 total. The town
rabbi was Szyja Alterman. Ritual slaughterers in town were: S. M. Bobek, F. Becher, M. Elster.
Komarow was occupied by the German forces on 13th of September 1939 . Russian forces
marched into the town on the 28th of September 1939 but they withdrew after 12 days, giving
way to the German occupiers. Part of the Jewish community left Komarow during the retreat
of the Russians. The Nazis began to victimize the Jewish community shortly after they arrived,
and set appointed a head of local administration and created the Polish auxiliary police.
In late 1939, a Jewish Council was established and a Jewish police force was formed.
The labor camp in Zamosc and the airport at Labunie were two of the forced labor
sites where Komarow Jews were sent. After the Nazis ordered all Jews to wear an armband
with the star of David, around 30 Jewish disobedients were caught by Nazi soldiers and taken
to the local cemetery, where they were executed. A ghetto was created in Komarow in
summer, 1941 although there was no wall surrounding it. Mostly Jewish police patrolled it.
In command of the ghetto was the S.S. man and sadist Ernst Schultz. Soon after, an
unknown number of Jews from Kolo, Lodz, Sierpiec, and Wloclawek were transported to
the Komarow ghetto. Another 400 Jews from Zamosc and 700 from Czechoslovakia
were brought to the ghetto in spring of 1941. In all, 3,000 Jews were there in September, 1941.
Several deportations took place from Komarow, including two in May of 1942 that included
over 2,000 Jews. One of these transports went to Belzec Death Camp and the other
went to Sobibor Death Camp. In November, 1942, 1,000 additional Jews were sent to Belzec.
The Nazis also murdered approximately 2,500 Jews situated in Komarow ghetto between 1st
October and 31st of October 1942. Bodies of the dead Jews were buried in a field
in several mass graves. The ghetto was liquidated in November 1942.
Please review the site content below. Zachor - We Remember.
[Jewish Partisans in Poland's Lublin District]
Click to subscribe to Zamosc
Learn more at the Belzec Remembrance Project
Faivel and Fraidel Fuks, who were Zamosc residents murdered at Komarow in 1941.
Bluma Fuks, nee Sztruman, Israel Fuks, Fruma Fuks; Bottom row: Moshe, Hadasa, and
Chaim Fuks. Israel Fuks was from Komarow. The family lived in Tyszowce before the war.
German S.S. barracks at Komarow.
Moshe Bahir, a Sobibor survivor who was transferred from Zamosc to Komarow in 1941.
On March 16-17, 1941, he was he was deported back to Zamosc, and then to Sobibor Death
Camp with 2,500 other souls. He was one of the 60 escapees of the death camp. He settled in Israel.
The Jewish cemetery in Komarow.
The Jewish cemetery in Komarow.
Join the Komarow group on Facebook!
Town of Komarow:
- Coming Soon
Holocaust Survivors of Komarow:
- Hanoch Ehrlich
- Dora Fields
- Mincia Fogel (repatriated to Gluszyca)
- Emil Goldbarten
- Mordechai Mendelovich
- Simeon Menyuk
- Adam Shtibel (Sztibel)
- Abisz Szwarcz
- Lejzor Weiss
- Tzvi Zohar
Rabbis of Komarow:
- Szyja Yehoshua Alterman
- Dawid Engelsberg
- Yechiel Engelsberg
- Chaskiel Gaut
- Yitzchak Szulewicz
- Moshe Yechiel Epstein
- Rabbi Yitzchok Hendel
- Rabbi Solomon ben Judah Kluger
- Jewish Records Indexing Poland - Komarow
- Jewish Vital Records in the Polish State Archives
Remember Your Family:
- The DNA Shoah Project: Connecting Descendants
- Central Judaica Database - Museum of History of Polish Jews
- Grandchildren of Holocaust Survivors on Facebook
- Guide to the YIVO Archives
- Holocaust News/Events from Generations of the Shoah Int'l
- Holocaust Survivors and Victims Database
- JewishGen Family Finder
- JewishGen Holocaust Database
- JRI-Poland: Search for Your Family
- Museum of History of Polish Jews Introduction
- Yad Vashem: Search for Your Family
- Yad Vashem: Submit Names of Your Family Members
- Yad Vashem Requests Photos of Shoah Survivors and Families
U.S.: Aaron, LublinJewish@gmail.com