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Krylow is 20 km. south of Hrubieszow, situated on the Bug River on the border with Ukraine.
A nearby village called Prehoryle, with around 400 people, was previously a part of Krylow.
Krylow is now longer its own place in Poland and is incorporated with the village of Mircze.
The first mention of the Jewish community in the village of Kryłów was in 1563.
The location of the village on the main road contributed to its economic development. Weekly
market days took place in the village as well as six fairs a year. Many of the residents were
involved in shoe-making and weaving of cloth and linen. In 1915 the village was occupied by the
Germans, who remained until 1918. From 1823 to 1862 the Russian authorities forbade Jews to
live in Krylow because of its proximity to the Austrian border. Still, it appears that many Jews
were living in the village during this period anyway. During the First World War many Jews left
the village because of its close proximity to the battlefront and moved to larger towns in the area.
In 1676, 42 Jews lived in the village. The Jewish population numbered 45 in 1676 and grew to 227
by 1736. Kryłów placed restrictions on settlement in 1823, when the Jewish population
numbered 186. In 1856, there were 537 Jews in the shtetl. In 1860, the total population was 1,219
residents, including 588 Jews. In 1860 the village had two brick houses, 114 wooden houses,
two inns, one mill, and two ferry boats. In 1860 there were 60 farmers, 50 traders, 38 craftsmen of
16 varying crafts, and 10 other workers in the village. There were 2,314 inhabitants and 1,512 Jews
in 1897 and 1,286 inhabitants and 750 Jews in 1921. Many of the Jewish inhabitants left the village
during World War I. Leading up to WWII, there were 2,500 residents living in the village.
It is unclear how many Jews perished in the Holocaust from the village, but very few survived. Most
of the residents tried to flee to Russia to avoid the Nazi regime. Those who did not were put into
ghetto. Residents in the ghetto were either shot on the spot, shot at local cemeteries in mass
shootings, or shipped off to concentration camps. There was a deportation of Jews from the Krylow
ghetto to Belzec in the summer of 1942, but the deportation only included around 150 to 200 Jews.
Most of the other Jews were either already murdered or were sent later to another place. It is very
unclear as to which places the Jews of Krylow were sent other than this one Belzec deportation.
The Jewish community in the village of Krylow ceased to exist by the end of the summer of 1942.
The synagogue and Jewish cemetery were both destroyed in the Holocaust. The Kryłów
cemetery was located at the north side of Nadbuzna Street, parallel to main road alongside the
ridge of the Bug river valley. At this location is a small creek and a river streem called Buzek.
Gravestones are present at the cemetery, but none of them are in their original locations. In
1994, two tombstones were found and re-erected by a volunteer caretaker from Kryłów.
A local resident reported seeing a gravestone at Hrubieszowskiej Street at the Szpindow residence.
In the present Krylow there is a monument dedicated to Christian victims of the Ukrainian
uprising, but there are no monuments dedicated to the Jewish victims of the community.
In 2012, there was a cleaning of the Jewish cemetery by the non-Jewish residents of the town,
including: Jaroslaw Chachula, Stefan Gancarz, Marek Kolcon, Grazyna and Henryk Zurawski.
They reported that there are five visible gravestones, including one as early as 1876.
Please review the site content below. Zachor - We Remember.
[Surnames] [History] [Holocaust]
[Wikipedia - Kryłów] [Sephardim in Krylow]
[Old Cemetery] [Map of Kryłów]
[1929 Business Directory Listing for Krylow]
[Family Research in Southeast Poland]
from Warsaw, lists the following Jewish business leaders in the village in 1929:
Betonowe wyroby - concrete production. Biterman Szmul Klajner Dawid Eger (or Ajger) Kos Szyler Abus
Blawaty - clothing. Grinwald F. Gromb J. Kam S. Kessel M.E. Szturm I. Szlechter L.
Bydlo handel - cattle trade. Lebert A.
Cegielnie - brickyard. Bichler L. Bier M.
Fryzjer - barber. Berger H., Sztajnberg A.
Galanteria - fancy goods. Krajner N. Zynger B. Zysman Ch.
Jad-odajnie - restaurant. Golab P.
Jaja - eggs. Mondszajn K.
Kolonialne art. - groceries. Unruch S.
Kowale - blacksmith. Hryniewicz M.
Krawcy - tailor. Bidler B. Beden B. Salit D.
Lasy eksploatacja - forest explorer. Biterman J. Wajntraub W.
Maka - flour. Ros J., Zynger D.
Piekarze - bakers. Rojter J. Sztycer A. Szyler H. Berger G. Szapl. K.
Rozne towary - various food goods. Bichler H. Bichler L. Biterman L. Kroperman R. Szmurak Ch.
Rzeznicy - butcher Brener A. Golab Sz. Kanel J. Szczucki I. Szutowski K. Topol S. Berger M.
Skory - skins. Bichler M. Szturm B. Szturm L.
Spozywcze art - food and beverage. Arfin M. Biterman Ch. Biterman R. Engelsberg J. Engelsberg R. Flis Ch.
Flis J. Fuks Sz. Krajner B. Krajner L. Lacher G. Najmn E. Nirensztajn E. Perelmuter Sz. Pracon A.
Rosenfeld Sz. Szturm Ch. Szyler H. Wajntraub M. Wertman C. Wertman H. Bichler Ch. Cwylich K. Grinbaum Ch.
Stolarze - carpenter. Hocyk K.
Szewcy - shoemakers. Gorski L. Janusz T. Lesniewski S. Marciszuk F.
Tytoniowe wyroby - tobacco products. Kazimierak J. Szutowski R.
Woda sodowa - soda/water. Bichler L.
Wyszynk trunkow - alkohol (retail of liquor). Buszkowa W. Kasprzyk J. Rzadca F.
Zboze - grain. Bichler A. Gertel J. Krajner D. Szturm M.
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Map of Krylow marking known Jewish sites.
Pre-war fishing on the Bug River.
H. Biterman, H. Szuper, (unknown) Huber, (unknown) Tkaczuk, and (unknown) Bartosz.
A Jewish carpentry shop, circa 1920, on (Hrubieszowskiej) Hrubieszowska Street.
Shlomo and Ruchla Golomb of Krylow, born circa 1880.
A pre-war picture of residents at the Krylow Jewish cemetery, now destroyed.
Circa 1938: A photo of the Jewish quarter that no longer exists, top left. The now-vacant castle of Krylow on an island in the Bug River, at right.
and their parents went to Peru before the war. Yechezhkel was murdered in his house.
Zeev Wolf Bitterman is believed to be in the photo. Contact me if you can identify anyone.
Dubienka 1931. The women are likely from the Biterman family. The men are from a different family.
Contact me if you can identify anyone in the photo.
There was a wooden synagogue in Krylow in the mid-18th century, though it had
probably been founded much earlier. It was situated on the small market square,
on the northern corner of town, near the Bug River. In later years, the wooden
synagogue was replaced by one made of brick (see below picture), and the plans for
the brick shul were approved in 1893. The wooden synagogue burned down circa 1915.
The Jewish community created a brick synagogue with metal sheet roofing. The front view is on the left side and side
view is on the right side. The shul and adjacent prayer house operated until it was destroyed by the Nazis.
And on the land where the synagogue was, today we find ...
This is where the old Jewish quarter was located. No buildings or structures remain.
Krylow Jewish Holocaust survivor Barry Weintraub visited the town in 2010.
The cemetery does not have many gravestones in it, however there are
some gravestones at various locations in the village, as follows.
Join the Krylow group on Facebook!
Village of Krylow:
Krylow Portal (in Polish)
Jews of Krylow (in Polish)
Pinkas Hakehillot Polin: Krylow
Families of Krylow:
Rabbis of Krylow:
Dawid Zyngier (or Zinger), mid-19th century
Tzvi Landman, 1880-1890
Yerachmiel Mordechai Weinberg, 1898-1915
Aryeh Leib Rokeach (born 1889)
Yehuda Lejb Sznicer, ~1918-1941
Survivors of Krylow:
Sara Biterman Kiper
Brache "Beatrice" Bichler Jorden
Esther Stengel Mandel
Chana Biterman Mermelstein
Zlata Cwilich Szlechter
Remember Your Family:
The DNA Shoah Project: Connecting Descendants
Central Judaica Database - Museum of History of Polish Jews
Grandchildren of Holocaust Survivors on Facebook
Guide to the YIVO Archives
Holocaust News/Events from Generations of the Shoah Int'l
Holocaust Survivors and Victims Database
JewishGen Family Finder
JewishGen Holocaust Database
JRI-Poland: Search for Your Family
Museum of History of Polish Jews Introduction
Yad Vashem: Search for Your Family
Yad Vashem: Submit Names of Your Family Members
Yad Vashem Requests Photos of Shoah Survivors and Families
Jewish Records Indexing Poland - Krylow
Jewish Vital Records in the Polish State Archives
Yad Vashem Listings for Krylow, Poland
U.S.: Aaron, email@example.com