Remember Jewish Lublin - Genealogy Group

Pronunciation: Loob-leen

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Lublin is the largest city in Poland east of the Vistula River and is located 161 km south of Warsaw.
Jewish life in Lublin dates back to at least the 14th century. In 1453 King Kazimierz Jagiellonczyk
granted the Lublin Jews the privilege of free trade, which in turn resulted in dynamic growth of the
Jewish population in Lublin by the turn of the 16th and 17th centuries. Rabbi Jakub from Trident
settled in Lublin in 1475, indicating that a well-organized kehilla was likely present at the time.
In 1518 constrictions were placed on Jewish trade within Lublin. By 1535 Jews were banned from
living within the walls of the city. This resulted in dynamic growth of the Jewish quarter (Podzamcze).

In 1518 a yeshiva (Talmudic Academy) was established in town and became well known through
Europe. In 1567 the Jewish residents built a brick synagogue on Jateczna Street. A smaller shul
was built nearby as well. In the 16th century a large part of Podzamcze was flooded by the
Czechowka River. The Jewish quarter expanded to the drained marshy lands around the castle.
Jewish houses were also built in the suburb of Kalinowszczyzna, located northeast of the city.
Moshe Montalto, a Sephardic physician who settled in Poland in the 17th century, built a synagogue
in Lublin where the congregants prayed in the Sephardic rite. See also: Sephardic Jews in Lublin.
In the late 15th century the old Jewish cemetery in Lublin was established. The oldest preserved
tombstone (matzeva) at the cemetery is that of Rabbi Jakub (Yaakov) Kopelman HaLevi, from 1541.
In 1550, the King of Poland approved two Jews, Yosef and Eliezar, to open a printing house in Lublin.

The Council of Four Lands, the central body of Jewish authority in Poland from 1580 to 1764,
met frequently in Lublin. The great Maharshal synagogue was established in Lublin in 1567.
In 1598, the first blood libel against Jews took place in Lublin. The Royal Tribunal sentenced four
Jews to death for murder of a Catholic boy in the town of Losice in Siedlce Gubernia. In 1638,
the Kotlarshul synagogue was established by Zvi Doktorowich at 20 Szeroka Street. In 1655, Lublin
was burned by the Muscovite-Cossack Army, resulting in the murders of around 2,000 Jews. In 1656
the Swedish Army wreaked havoc on the Jewish community. Constant economic restrictions from
the local authorities aimed to prevent the development of Jewish trade. The Lublin kehilla was only
fully restored in the second half of the 18th century. At the turn of the 18th and 19th centuries Lublin
became an important center of Hasidic Judaism in accordance with the teachings of Baal Shem Tov
and the preachings of his follower Jacob Icek Horowitz, the Seer from Lublin. At the beginning of the
20th century the richest and most assimilated Jews in Lublin possessed large tenement houses,
breweries, mills, tanneries, tobacco plants, and numerous stores in the whole town area. However,
the majority of Jews in town were poor, traditionally religious, poorly educated, and somewhat isolated
from the Polish culture -- living within only the Jewish quarter of town. In 1828, the new Jewish
cemetery was established. In 1859, the first Jewish elementary school opened. In the second half of
the 19th, century the Jews from Lublin maintained their own schools, newspapers, social associations,
and sports clubs. In 1886 a Jewish hospital was built on Lubartowska Street. In 1916 there were
already 15 private Jewish schools. Jews manufactured clothing and food products, had a monopoly
on the leather industry, and ran tobacco plants, distilleries, and brickyards. After World War I there
were a number of educational facilities in the city, including Hashomir Hatzair, Tarbut Hebrew School,
Mizrachi's Yavne School, and Beth Jacob School for Girls. In 1916, a weekly socio-cultural magazine
was published in Polish entitled "Mysl Zydowska" (Jewish thought). In 1918, the first issue of the
Yiddish "Lubliner Tugblat" (Lublin Journal) was published by editor Shlomo Boruch Nisenbaum.

In 1930, the Yeshiva Chachmei Lublin was opened under the auspices of Rabbi Meir Shapiro.
Among the notable musicians of the Lublin district were: Chaim Cymerman, a cantor; Josef Szlomo
Glatstein (killed in the Warsaw ghetto); Maksimilian Halperin; Mieceslaw Harris; Teodor Kleiman;
Dawid Wolberger, a cantor from Chelm; and Michl Gertl from Hrubieszow. In 1922, Jewish houses of
prayer in Lublin were operated by the following individuals: Szmul Ajchenbaum, Abram Cegielman,
Noach Ejger, Ajzik Ejger, Szloma Ejgier, Noach Ellenbaum (at Lubartowska 2), Lejzor Erlichman,
Berek Feld, Izrael Finkelsztajn, Jankiel Fiszman, Markus Frydman, Szloma Giewer, Daniel Goldbrodt,
Wladyslaw Grochowski, Moshe Hausner, R. Lubelski, Majer Iberkleid, Benjamin Ortman,
Mendel Rachsztejn, Nusyn Rafalowicz, Berek Rott, Berek Rozencwajg, Szyja Siwerat, Jankiel Yaakov
Szuchmacher (at Wieniawa 42), Jankiel Szrojt, Szloma Szyfman (at Wieniawa 54) and Lejb Zajfsztajn.
Jews employed by the Lublin community in 1928 included: officials P. Gromb, J. Biderman; purser
K. Rozencwajg; gravedigger L. Kronberg; and caretaker F. Klimczak. Jews employed by the Lublin
community in 1936 included: caretaker J. Mazur; coachman G. Zyswaser; gravedigger Shmuel Marek;
officials P. Krysztal, P. Cwajgman, J. Majzels, S. Wajnbuch, M. Hochlerer, S. Grynsztajn; and
pensioners N. Krysztal, J. Kornberg and Z. Kosman.

A Lublin suburb called Glusk became independent in 1689, and in the 1780s Jews made up about
30% of the entire population of Glusk. In the 19th century, Glusk had a synagogue, a mikveh, a
public house of prayer (created in 1822), a ritual slaughterhouse and a cheder. In the mid-18th
century, the Jewish population in Glusk numbered 394 people and constituted 56% of all inhabitants.
Jews employed by the Glusk Jewish community in 1930 included: Josef Kartofel, rabbi; Jankiel
Yaakov Kotlarski, ritual slaughterer; and Gedalia Lewenstajn, synagogue sexton.

Another Lublin suburb that no longer exists, Wieniawa, included 131 Jewish homes and 96 non-
Jewish homes during World War I. Wieniawa was famous for its inns and taverns. Where the Kosmos
cinema stands today (Stanislawa Leszczynskiego and Dlugosza streets) -- in Lublin proper -- was the
site of the market square of Wieniawa. Most of the population was Jewish and the brick built
synagogue stood in the middle of the market square. The building at 50 Leszczynskiego street dates
from the first half of the 19th century and originally was the town hall (Magistrate). Between
Leszczynskiego and Solidarnosci streets was the Jewish cemetery from the second half of the 18th
century until 1940. Wieniawa ceased to exist in 1940 when the population was relocated to the Lublin
ghetto (by the castle) and most of the old buildings (mainly wooden) were destroyed by the Germans.
This included the synagogue that originated in the beginning of the 19th century, on which the Germans
built a stadium, which still exists and is now called the "Stadion KS Lublianka". Tombstones from the
Jewish cemetery were used to strengthen the foundations of buildings on Spokojna Street, and a few
of the tombstones were recovered during recent renovation. These tombstones have now been
relocated in the new Jewish cemetery on Walecznych Street. On the site of the destroyed synagogue
a cinema was built in the 1960s, A famous composer and violinist at the end of the 19th century
was Henryk Wieniawski, whose family adopted the surname due to their roots in Wieniawa. There
is a monument in Lublin dedicated to him, as well as a district named after Henryk Wieniawski.

Destroyed synagogue in Wieniawa, 1916.

From the beginning of WWI up to the Nazi invasion, Jews in Lublin faced tremendous anti-Semitism.
Jews were assaulted by mobs, Jewish businesses were boycotted, and Jewish property was pillaged
by the Cossacks. In 1921, the Jewish population was 37,337, with Jews operating 1,714 workshops
and businesses in the city. The Jewish community was supported by 12 synagogues, an array of
private prayer houses, a hospital, an orphanage, three cemeteries, a network of schools and the
Chachmei yeshiva. Inspired by Lublin's substance, novelist Isaac Bashevis Singer wrote a book called
"The Magician of Lublin".

Prior to WWII, Lublin was the center of religious life for thousands of Jewish families. Students came
from all over Europe to study at the yeshiva in the city. In 1931 Lublin was inhabited by 38,937 Jews
who constituted 35% of the overall town population. By 1939, the population of Jews in Lublin reached
more than 42,000 -- about 1/3 of the total city population. In November 1939, Jews living in the center
of the city (including Krakowskie Przedmiescie and its side streets) were forced to relocate to the
traditionally Jewish Podzamcze district. Soon, the Jews were beset by a series of repressive measures.
A census of Jews was taken, and all of them were obliged to wear a white armband with the Star of
David on the right sleeve. Germans move into Jewish houses and subsequently destroy and loot
Jewish property. A Labor camp was established at Lipowa 7 in September, 1939.

According to Polish sources, more than 7,000 Jewish prisoners of war -- mostly those who were
inhabitants of Eastern Poland and who had served as soldiers with the Polish military -- were
transferred by train to the Lublin District from the Stalags in Germany, beginning in December 1939.
At this time, several transports of prisoners arrived from Stalag IIB in Hammerstein, Germany. The
prisoners were assigned to work on the Lublin airfield. But they were forced to march on a "death
march" in December, 1939 a distance of 130 km. from Lublin to Biala Podlaska. 200 survived.
During this same period, an S.S. unit murdered 100 Jewish prisoners near Wlodawa. In January 1940,
some 400 POWs were murdered near Parczew in Julipol and in Niedzwiedzice, a village near Lubartow.
In February 1940, 1,086 POWs were murdered on a subsequent "death march" to Biala Podlaska.
Of the 60,000 Jewish men taken prisoner by the Germans in Sept., 1939, only a few hundred survived.

Lublin became a regional Nazi headquarters for Operation Reinhardt, the main effort to murder Jews
in occupied Poland. Jews were stigmatized with Star of David armbands, a work requirement was
imposed, the use of public transportation and public facilities was prohibited, bank accounts were
closed, religious practice was forbidden, access to educational institutions was denied, involuntary
monetary and material contributions were demanded and, eventually, Jewish enterprises and real
estate were seized. In the beginning of 1940, a Judenrat was created, comprised of 24 members and
headed by Henryk Bekker. The Judenrat headquarters was at 11 Grodzka Street. Other
members in Lublin included: Marek Alten, Aron Bach, Aizik Brodt, Aizik Bursztyn, Urysz Cymerman,
Dawid Dawidson, Dawid Edelstein, Dawid Frajdenberg, Abraham Goldsobel, Jozef Goldztern, Szlomo
Halbersztadt, David Hochgemein, Leon Hufnagel, Aron Jankiel Kantor, Yitzhak Kerszman, Szloma
Kerszenblum, Shlomo Kestenberg, Jacob Kelner, Daniel Kupferminc, Aleksander Lewi, Yitzchak
Lewinson, Nachman Lerner, Dawid Rechtman, Josef Rotrubin, Dr. Josef Siegfried, M. Sztokfisz,
Moritz Szlaf, Szulim Tajkef, Benzion "Boleslaw" Tenenbaum, Josef Wajselfisz, and Wolf Wiener. The
Judenrats in the Lublin district, in general, were not complicit with the Nazis and resisted when possible.
In 1940, all Lublin synagogues and houses of prayer for Jews were forcibly closed by the Nazi occupiers.

In March 1941, Ernst Zoerner, the governor of Lublin, announced that "a Jewish residential district"
that encompassed the Podzamcze district (to Lubartowska Street) and a section of the Old Town. The
ghetto was divided into two sections, the large ghetto where the poorest Jews lived, and the smaller
ghetto which housed Lipowa 7 prisoners, Judenrat members, and those who could work. The smaller
ghetto was located at Grodzka, Kowalska, and Rybna streets. Construction began on the
Majdanek Concentration Camp, the first death camp located in a major city, in Lublin in 1941.

The first major deportation from the ghetto began on March 16-17, 1942. During the month-long
deportation operation, approximately 30,000 Jews from the Lublin ghetto were sent to the
Belzec Death Camp, while about 1,500 others were shot on the spot. The
remaining 4,000 Jews were transferred to a third ghetto, Majdan Tatarski, a Lublin suburb.

The fate of the Majdan Tatarski ghetto was decided on November 9, 1942. Most of its inhabitants were
sent to the Majdanek Concentration Camp on foot. After the final liquidation of the Majdan Tatarski
Ghetto, it was burnt to the ground. On September 2, 1942, 2,000 Jews were murdered and another
1,800 were murdered in October of 1942. The remaining 200 Jews were sent to the Majdanek Camp.
Others in in the Lublin area were taken to the New Cemetery and shot execution style or buried alive.

In June 1942, German Police Battalion 101 was sent back to Poland. Posted to the Lublin district,
the battalion arrived during a temporary lull in the mass deportations of Jews to the three Operation
Reinhard killing centers of Belzec, Sobibor, and Treblinka. For the next four weeks, members of the
battalion were deployed in rounding-up Jews from smaller settlements and concentrating them in
larger ghettos and camps, particularly Izbica and Piaski. Beginning in mid-July 1942 with the round-
up of Jews in the town of Jozefow near Bilgoraj, members of Police Battalion 101 were utilized for the
mass shooting of Jewish civilians in towns throughout the Lublin district. These included, in addition to
Jozefow, the cities of Lomazy (August 1942), Miedzyrzec Podlaski (August 1942), Serokomla
(September 1942), Kock (September 1942), Parczew (October 1942), Konskowola (October 1942),
Miedzyrzec (a second action in October 1942), and Lukow (November 1942).

A vast network of sadistic labor camps was established throughout the Lublin district. Not only were
Jewish residents of the district sent to these camps (ultimately, nearly all of the slave laborers at these
camps were murdered), but many Jews from outside of Poland were also sent to the district for slave labor.
A listing of known deportations to Majdanek is available here. Additionally, in Lublin there was an airfield
(called Alter Flugplatz) which, in summer 1941, became a sorting barrack and collections agency for
miscellaneous supplies, mostly clothing of the victims. In March 1942, Globocnik took it over.
Initially women prisoners from the Lublin Castle and Jewish specialists from the Lublin ghetto were
employed there. Three hangers at the airport were used as the main sorting depot for clothing,
belongings and valuables taken from the victims of Aktion Reinhard.

"Erntefest", Operation Harvest Festival, began at dawn on November 3, 1943. "Erntefest" was the code
name for the Nazi operation to kill all Jews remaining in the Lublin District of the Generalgouvernement
(a territory in the interior of occupied Poland) in the fall of 1943. The timing of the operation was in
response to several efforts by surviving Jews to resist the Nazis: including the uprisings at the Sobibor
and Treblinka extermination camps, and armed resistance in the Warsaw, Bialystok, and Vilna ghettos.
The SS feared additional Jewish-led revolts in the Generalgouvernement. To prevent further resistance,
the SS decided to kill most of the remaining Jews, who were employed in forced labor projects and were
concentrated in the Trawniki, Poniatowa, and Majdanek concentration camps. Trawniki and Poniatowa
were surrounded by S.S. and police units. Jews were then taken out of the camps in groups and shot
in nearby pits dug for this purpose. At Majdanek, Jews were first separated from the other prisoners.
They were then taken in groups to nearby trenches and shot. Jews from other labor camps in the Lublin
area were also taken to Majdanek and shot. Music was played through loudspeakers at both Majdanek
and Trawniki to drown out the noise of the mass shooting. The killing operation was completed in a single
day at Majdanek and Trawniki. At Poniatowa the shootings took two days. End result: 42,000 Jews killed.

At the beginning of August, 1944, about 300 Jews were living in Lublin, but only 15 were originally from
Lublin. The number grew to 3,000 Jews by 1945 as refugees from other places repopulated Lublin.

In neighboring Glusk, which later became a part of the city of Lublin, there were around 400 Jews
at the outbreak of the Shoah. The ghetto in Glusk was established in 1941. Apart from inhabitants
of the settlement, a a group of 65 Szczecin Jews from Germany were confined there and the total
of ghetto inhabitants was around 700 Jews. The first deportation in Glusk took place on October 16,
1942, where the residents were moved to the Piaski Transit Ghetto. From there, they were taken
to the gas chambers at the Sobibor Death Camp. In November, 1942, 32 Jewish craftsmen who
had been left in the Glusk Ghetto were taken away to the death camp at nearby Majdanek.

The Nazis in charge of the massacre of Jews of Lublin included: Leadership & Main Killers:
Ernst Zorner, Odilo Globocnik, Hans Frank, Christian Wirth, Heinrich Himmler, Gustav Hanelt, Friedrich
Wilhelm Kruger, Gottlieb Hering, Philipp Freund, Karl Wolff, Hermann Kintrup, Gerret Korsemann,
Georg Wippern, Otto Hantke, Walter Liska, Walter Griphan, Anton Thumann, Oswald Pohl, Dr. Karl Putz,
Walter Huppenkothen, Johannes Mueller, Georg Michalsen, Jakob Sporrenberg, Hermann Hoefle,
Erich Muhsfeldt, Eberhard Schoengarth, Gotthard Schubert, Hermann Worthoff, Konrad Rheindorf,
Oskar Dirlewanger, Alfred Langerhaus, Hans Dietrich Grunwald, Ernest Lerch, Jurgen Lassman,
Johann Schwarzenbacher, Karl Streibel, Otto Klopmann, Heinz Villain, Alfons Goetzfrid, Josef Pospichil,
Werner Wehrheim, Willy Suchanek, Adalbert Benda, Erich Wullbrandt, Hilmar Moser, Hans Wagner,
Dietrich Allers, Friedrich Schmidt, and Hermann Dolp; and Less Significant Murderers:
Wilhelm Altenloh, Richard Dibus, Wenzel Eehwald (probably Fritz Rehwald),Heinz Errelis, Willi Hausler,
Lothar Heimbach, Erich Kalich, Walter Knitzky, Bernhard Lel, Hans Lissy, Hugo Raschendorf,
Hermann Rolfing, Mauritius Schnur, Kuno Schramm, Richard Schuh, Kurt Seidel, Harry Sturm, and
Hermann Worthoff. Nazis whose first names are not known include: Calverini (from Italy), Schuller,
and Seylitz (Seidlitz?). Jewish collaborators were Szama Grajer and the German Meininger.
A full list of Lublin and Majdanek Nazis is available online here.

Nazis at Dorohucza, Majdanek, Lipowa 7, Budzyn, Krasnik, Poniatowa, and Trawniki are listed separately.

In 1945, groups of Holocaust survivors from eastern Europe gathered in Lublin. There were still
murders taking place by the local population, with Sobibor survivors Aron Licht, Josef Kopf, and
Leon Feldhendler all murdered in the vicinity of Lublin. Most of the Holocaust survivors decide to
leave Poland, although in 1947 the Zydowski Komitet Ziomkostwa Lubelskiego (the Jewish
Committee of the Lublin Landsmanshaft) did organize a congress of former Lublin citizens.

The American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee helped the surviving Jews in Poland in their
struggle to recover missing members of their family. The Jewish Education Department of the Central
Committee of Polish Jews, with Dr. Shlomo Herszenhorn as lead, ran most of the Jewish orphanages
and Jewish education programs in post-war Poland. His first children's home for orphans was opened
in Lublin in July 1944. The homes provided some Yiddish culture, language and history but were devoid
of Zionism, Jewish religion or Jewish history. They followed the pro-Communist Polish curriculum.

Yehuda Weinstock, a native of Szczebreszyn, testified about his experience in Lublin after the war:
"In 1944, after leaving the Red Army, I came to Lublin looking for surviving landsleit. On the road
from Kovel to Lublin, I did not encounter any Jews. Lublin resembled a camp. Bombs were aimed at the
Nazi side. The streets were deserted. I met a few Jews and they told me of the terrible fate of the
Jews of Poland. I was invited to Peretz House, where there were several hundred Jews were gathered.
All of the couple of hundred Jews began to daven and to celebrate the yom tov. I did not come to pray
so I walked around. In room number one, I saw Jews lying on the floor -- a young couple who had spent
the whole war hidden by a farmer lay there with injured legs, exhausted, unable to move. There were
many such couples. In the second room, I heard Jews davening and wailing. I am not frum, but it
affected me. I joined them in Hoshanes. Women and men together were weeping. Tears were shed,
and I was so affected, I began to weep too.

I stood there thinking about my parents. If they would still have been alive, and seen me davening and
crying, they would have been overjoyed that I had survived the hard battle against fascism. I thought
about my beloved wife and my only son, who were murdered. I felt that I would be cursed for the rest
of my life. Suddenly, I saw a familiar person who was staring at me. He had been fervently praying and
weeping. I could not place him. He could not bare it any longer, and he approached me, and asked,
"Are you not Yehuda Weinstock?" And I to him, "Are you not Mendl Moishe Sternfeld?" I received no
answer. Our arms reached out and we embraced. Not a word was exchanged, but we covered each
other in tears. Our hearts understood that we were brothers in suffering, the suffering of the Jewish
people. Moishe Sternfeld was sent back from Russia to the Polish army. The second Shebreshiner I met,
Yosef Shpul, was a partisan in the forests and survived in that way."

In 1968, the Communist government of Poland expeled Jewish citizens, and only 25 were able to
stay in Lublin. In 1998, the Grodzka Gate -- NN Theatre was founded in Lublin. They are working on
a project to identify the 42,000+ Jewish residents of pre-war Lublin, most of whom were murdered.

Please review the site content below. Zachor - We Remember.

[Surnames] [History] [Wikipedia - Lublin] [Holocaust]
[NN Theatre: Submit Names of Your Murdered Relatives from Lublin]
[Life in the Lublin Ghetto] [The Lublin Ghetto] [Lublin Ghetto Listing]
[Video of the Lublin Ghetto] [Death Incidents Database]
[Jewish Partisans in Lublin District] [Jewish Revolts in Lublin District]
[ List of Prisoners of War in Lublin, 1939-1941]
[Aktion Erntefest in Lublin, Nov. 1943] [Lublin Village Listing]
[Estimated Pre-WWII Jewish Population - Lublin District]
[Deportations of Jews to the Lublin District During the Holocaust]
[Lublin District Jewish Holocaust and History Discussion Forums]
[Lists of Data Relevant to Holocaust Victims & Survivors from Lublin]
[Chachmei Yeshiva] [Majdanek Concentration Camp]
[Photos of Lublin Today] [Photos of Majdanek Today]
[Sephardic Jews of Lublin] [Family Research in SE Poland]
[Lublin Jewish Organization and their Descendants in Israel]
[Lublin Yizkor Book 1 (Hebrew)] [Lublin Yizkor Book 2 (Hebrew)]
[Kehilalinks Lublin Remembrance Website]
Lublin Descendant Organizations

Lublin Descendants in Canada
Lublin Descendants in the USA
Lublin Cemetery Plots in the USA
Lublin Immigrants to America

Click to subscribe to Lublin-Jewish

Learn more at the Belzec Remembrance Project

Most Lublin Jews were sent to Majdanek Concentration Camp.
Learn more at the Majdanek Rememberance Project.

Map of Jewish Lublin.

Map Legend.

Students at the Chachmei Yeshiva. Almost all of the students were murdered in the Shoah.

Members of the Blass family.

A family from Lublin. Unidentified persons.

Grade 4 at the Yiddish Folk School in Lublin, 1930.

SE Poland Jews were typically Orthodox. This is a photo of the family of Regina Taube from Naleczow near Lublin.

On 1 September 1939, German troops crossed the Polish border. In "Nasz Przeglad"
[Our Review], the leading journal of the Jews in Poland, the following statement was
released: "The Zionist Organization and the Jewish people take the Polish side, ready to
fight for their dignity and independence. This statement should be an example for the
World Jewry. The position of the Jews all over the world is on the Polish side." During the
September Campaign, in the ranks of the Polish Army, more than 120,000 Jews fought
against the German invaders. 32,216 of them were killed and 61,000 were captured.

Family Szolson (Szolsohn) of Lublin, murdered in the Shoah. Click here for more.

Lublin Jews awaiting deportation in 1941.

The Lublin ghetto was established in March, 1941. This is a photo from the ghetto.

Jews in the Lublin Ghetto.

Jews in the Lublin Ghetto.

Jews in the Lublin Ghetto.

Jews in the Lublin Ghetto.

Jewish children in the Lublin Ghetto. The men behind them were forced to remove their
caps in deference to a German officer standing next to the photographer.

Henio Zytomirski, a Jewish boy from Lublin murdered at the Majdanek Concentration Camp.

A photo from the Lublin Ghetto.

Roma women in the Lublin Ghetto, 1942.

Jews from the Lublin ghetto being put in trains, destined for the Death Camp Sobibor.

A deportation to Sobibor Death camp.

Jews of Lublin marching to their deaths on "bloody Wednesday" at Majdanek, Nov. 3, 1943,
the largest mass execution carried out at any of the concentration camps.

A crematorium at the Majdanek Concentration Camp.

Memorial of Holocaust Victims, City of of Lublin.

New Jewish cemetery photograph.

Gravestones at the new Jewish cemetery in Lublin.

The structure of the Chachmei Lublin Yeshiva, established in 1924, survived the war.
It is being transformed into a museum to educate people about Hasidic life in Europe.

A model of how the Jewish Quarter looked in Lublin prior to the Holocaust.
Click here for enlarged photo.


Join the Lublin group on Facebook!

City of Lublin:

Article: Lublin Jews to reunite in to mark 700 years of Polish city
Article: After 70 Years, Holocaust Survivor Unites with Righteous Rescuer
Article: A Family Searches for Its History
Article: A Weekend of Remembrance of Yeshivat Chochmei Lublin
Collaborator Points out 20 Jews Hiding in Cellar to Lublin S.S.
Article: Letters from Lublin
Article: Lublin Holocaust Victim on Facebook
Grodzka Gate Memorial to Jews of Lublin
Jewish Virtual Library: Lublin
"Kol Lublin": The annual magazine of Lubliners in Israel
Lublin Ghetto Listing - April 1942
Lublin and Majdanek Professional Heritage Tour
Lublin Jewish Genealogy eGroup
Lublin Jewish Heritage
Lublin Yizkor Books Online (no English)
Necrology: From the Lublin Yizkor Book
Pinkas Hakehillot Polin: Lublin
Polish Archives at Lublin
Pre-war Jewish address cards, Lublin
Scenes from the Lublin Ghetto
Society for the Preservation of Jewish Heritage in Poland: Lublin
Virtual Tour of Jewish Lublin (video)
Yeshiva Chachmei Reopened

Ghettos, Labor Camps, and Concentration Camps:

Ghetto Listing: Poland
Budzyn Labor Camp (Krasnik)
Chelm Ghetto Uprising
Izbica Ghetto
Lublin Ghetto
Wlodawa Ghetto
Zamosc Ghetto
Lipowa 7 Labor Camp (Lublin)
Belzec Death Camp
Gross Rosen Concentration Camp
Majdanek Concentration Camp (Liberation of Majdanek)
Majdanek sub-camp: Poniatowa
Majdanek sub-camp: Trawniki
Majdanek - A Poem by Rosette Goldstein
Plaszow Concentration Camp (Krakow)
Putskow Concentration Camp
Sobibor Death Camp
Treblinka Death Camp

Families of Lublin:

Biterman / Bitterman family
Blass family
Blatt family
Brezniak family
Cukier family
Fajnzylber family
Frajd family
Glanszpigel family
Goldberg family
Goldbaum family
Grossman family
Klawir family
Halberstadt family
Horowicz (Horowitz) family
Lerman family
Lewinsohn family
Lublin family (Hasidic rabbis)
Mokotovsky family
Rajman (Rahman) family
Rozenbush family
Rozenperl family
Rydel family
Sztockfish family
Urbach family
Wasong family
Wejnstajn (Wajnstejn) family
Zakrojczik family
Zemel family
Zytomirski family

Notable People:
(See also: Rabbis below)

Leon Feldhendler
Hela Felenbaum Weiss
Rabbi Shneur Zalman Fradkin (Liader)
Itzhak Fridman
Benjamin Frydman
M. Gerc
Jan Getsman
Jacob Glatstein
Alter Moshe Goldman
Chana Grosberg
Phineas Mendel Heilprin
Israel "Yitz" Herstein
Szlomo Herszenhorn
Rabbi Moses Isserles
Chaim Josef Keymon
Malka Kornstein
Baruch Lewerant Liden
Shmuel Lewin
Hersh Najmanowicz
Yakov Nisenbojm
Malka Riten
Fred Rose
Yitzhak Sadeh (Isaac Landoberg)
Shalom Schachna
Rabbi Yehuda Meir Shapiro
Shlomo Shlakman (Szlajchman)
Szia Tenenbaum
Zypora Tenenbaum Spaisman
Yakov Vaksman
Shlomo Zinshteyn (Zinsztejn)
Johannes Zukertort
Henio Zytomirski

Rabbis and Cantors of Lublin:
(in approximate order of service)

Yaakov Matrident
Yaakov Halevi
Yaakov of Trento
Jacob Pollak
Jacob Heschel
Shalom Schachna, 1518
Jakub Yaakov Kopelman, died 1541
Moses Isserles
Solomon Szlomo Luria
Shimon Wolf Auerbach
Mordechai Yoffe (Jaffe)
Yitzhak ben Nuta HaKohen
Yehoshua Falk
Yitzhak Maj
Meir Ben Gedalia (Meir Lublin)
Shmuel Eliezer ben Yehuda Eidles
Yoel Jaffe Sirkes
Naftali ben Yitzhak HaKohen Katz
Joshua Heschel
Aharon Shimon Szapira
Efraim Zalman Shor
Avraham HaLevi Epstein
Yaakov ben Efraim Naftali Hirsh
Shneur Zalman Fradkin (Liader)
Shaul Margules
Zadok HaKohen Rabinowitz
Yitzhak Horowitz
Azriel Horowitz
Tsvi Elimelech Szapira
Shalom Rokeach
Yehuda Meir Shapiro
Aryeh Tzvi Fromer
Yehoshua Hershel Bess, cantor
Dr. Chaim Cymerman, cantor
Moshe Efraim Gotlib, cantor
Yehoshua Eliezar Gotlib, cantor
Zakharia Hershman, cantor
Abraham Rabinowitz, cantor
Moshe Szternberg, cantor
Yaakov Singer (Zinger), cantor
Shlomo Wajsleder, cantor

Survivors of Lublin:
Note: Additional survivors listed in Polish Children Survivors,
Sharit HaPlatah, and Pinkas HaNitzolim I and II

Rivka Ruth Abarbanel
Irene Abrams
Sally Ackerman
Pinchas Ackerman
Marianna Adameczek
Amek Adler
Artur Adler
Benjamin Adler
Julian Andrzejewski
Isak Arbus
Diana Bak
Simcha Bekerman
Danuta Barzach
Joseph Benem
Salomea Bergsztajn
Morton Berman
Ida Bernstein
Bronia Besser
Hanna Biderman
Zelman Brajer
Rywka Braun
Mina Brenman
Fela Botner
Hela Boudouch
Stanislaw Brodt
Gabryela Bromberg
Josef Bruzda
Szymon Cegiel
Abram Chan
Leonard Chill
Morton Cornblit
Doba-necha Cukierman
Hershel Cukierman
Josef Cukierman
Celia Cynamon
Victor Cynamon
Rivka Davidovits
Matla Drazek
Paola Dussman
Eva Eisenkeit
Barry Elbaum
Luba Lox Elbaum
Rita Engel
Zofia Evenas
Hanna Fainsilber
Aba Fajgenblat
Regina Farbstein
Stefania Fedecka
Dora Feld
Leon Feldhendler
Mosheh Fershzṭman
Arie Flaksberg
Julian Fogelgarn
Nachman Fryszberg
Jacob Frank (testimony)
Dan Fuks
Rachmil Gartenkraut
Lola Gelber
Chil Gerecht
Josef Gerson (went to Algeria)
Lillian Gertler Kronberg (testimony)
Stephen Gilbert
Leon Glatter
Shoshana Golan, aka Rozia Beiman (testimony)
Jozef Goldberg (repatriated in Gluszyca)
Szyja Goldberg
Batia Goldfarb
Marysia Goldbaum
Moshe Goldfarb
Abraham Goldman
Sam Goldman
Judith Goldsher
Helena Goldstein
Rosalie Zinta Gostin
Icchok Gotthept
Golda Grabowski
Guy Granatsztajn
Sheldon Griner
Aizik Griper
Marja Griper
Judith Gruber
Szaja Gruber
Fela Gryf
Szandla Grynstajzn
Hella Gurfinkel
Ilona Halper
Mosheh Harari
Kitty Felix Hart-Moxon
Dora Hass
Bronia Hatfield
Krystyna Heldwein
Chana Hochberg
Felix Horn (video testimony)
Lucille Horn (video testimony)
Eliezer Hudes
Esther Jaffe
Michael Kamer
Henry Karsh
Aryeh Kats
Lola Kay
Sara Kaye
Albert Kitmacher
Alexander Klajnberg
Lejb Kliger
Yakov Konigsman
Josef Kofp
Moses Korn
Tereza Kowa
Anshel Krechman
Yehuda Korngold
Jozef Kopytko (repatriated in Gluszyca)
Ignacy Krasnokucki
Jacob Kronhill
Saul Kupfer
Mendel Kuropatwa
Stanislaw Krzyzak-Westler
Jerzy Kwit (went to Sweden)
Dan Landsberg
Leon Lederman
Anja Legerstee
Paula Lenchner
Hinda Lerner
Stanley Levine
Helen Levinson
Henry Lewin
Majer Lichtensztajn (repatriated in Gluszyca)
Rose Lipszyc
Efroim Loterszpigiel
Helene Lukas Bart
Rosa Magien
Anna Mass
Janina Spinner Mehlberg
Elka Milner
George Mittelman
Saby Mittelman
Regina Mittleman
Kinah Morgenstern
Deborah Morris
Paula Moskowitz
Barbara Narbutowicz
Anna Netzman
Tsilye Neuhaus
Bella Neuwirth
Joseph Nisenman
Przemyslaw Ochalski
Chana Olshuk
Manny Orlinsky
Fela Orzech
Deborah Pallandre
Minah Peshtitski
Rivka Polak Krol (video testimony)
Wanda Poltawska
Debora Prasquier
Leon Radom
Frieda Fogel Rapaport
Gitta Rettig
Lea Rittel
Rosa Diacomo Rodica
Yaakov Rolnitski
Zelda Rosenfeld
Rubin Rosset
Hannah Rozbruch
Gitta Rozenberg
David Rubinstein
Maurice Rubinstein
Salomon Rubinstein
Simon Rubinstein
Frumka Rubenstein Rudicky
Sarah Saaroni
Sarah Salamon
Mannie Schneider
Peter Sedgeman
Zehavah Shvergold
Adam Sikora
Moszesz Silberreich
Doba Smolanowicz
Tselinah Sold
Fagla Stajnowicz (went to France)
Michael Steinstock
Mordechai Szajman
Pola Szrekenhamer
Lola Sztrum
Majer Sztrum (went to France)
Fela Taublib
Nechama Bawnik Tec (testimony)
Silvia Tellerman
Mordechai Terner
Yosef Uberkleid
Bronia Waksbaum
Benjamin Wajnbaum (went to Mauritius)
Icchak Wajnryb (Karmi)
Stanislawa Walusiewicz
Shirley Warman
Tera Wajsblat
Morris Wajsbrot
Leon Waysenson
Jakub Weksler Waszkinel
Marion Weinzweig
Sophie Weiser
Hela Felenbaum Weiss
Rose Welner
Dawid Werba
Micha Werber
Zygmunt Werba
Zelotta Wilner
Mark Wisen
Lew Wojcipszal
Jules Zaidenweber
Harry Zansberg
Danuta Zipper-Oledzka
Majer Ziss
Moshe Zylberberg

Righteous Gentiles of Lublin:

- Aftyka family
- Albin Arciszewski
- Honorata Baczewska
- Kazimierz and Halina Bogucki
- Helena Broda
- Boleslaw Dabrowski
- Dudziak family
- Stefania Farszinska
- Josef and Marianna Holtzer
- Regina Jablonska
- Jarosz family
- Aniela Kaminska
- Stanislaw Kaminsky
- Manczin family
- Marek family
- Sofia Molodowska
- Nalewjka family
- Ochminski family
- Teodor Pajewski
- Pajkotowski family
- Stefania Parczynska-Tomczala
- Pietrak family
Podsziadlo family
- Riszard Postowicz
- Irena Rasiukiewicz
- Sokolowski family
- Fr. Zygmunt Surdacki
- Domonik Tadeusz
- Wanda Tazbir
- Roman wlodarczyk
- Wysmulski family

Celebrities with Lublin Roots

Yosef Almogi: Karlenboim from Hrubieszow
Melvin Dresher: Krasnystaw
Solomon Ettinger: Zamosc, Leczna
Zachary Gordon: Messinger/Kojl from Szczebrzeszyn
Ari Graynor: Potschaft/Szejtman from Lublin
Heddy Honigmann: Grabowiec
Harvey Keitel: Bilgoraj, Tarnogrod
David Kimche: Palast - Hrubieszow
David Mamet: Palast/Mamet - Hrubieszow
Henry Orenstein: Leczna/Hrubieszow
Y.L. Perec: Zamosc, Pulawy
Paul Rudd: Gajer/Gejer - Wlodawa
Jay Sekulow: Sekular/Czesner - Grabowiec/Ludmir
I.B. Singer: Bilgoraj, Tomaszow
Szymon Szurmiej: Biterman - Krylow, Lublin
Scott Weinger: Rozencwajg - Lublin; Goldcwag - Tarnogrod
Avoth Yeshurun: Krasnystaw
Aleksander Zederbaum: Cederbaum - Zamosc
Shmuel Zygielbaum: Krasnystaw, Chelm


Jewish Records Indexing Poland - Lublin
Jewish Vital Records in the Polish State Archives

Remember Your Family:

The DNA Shoah Project: Connecting Descendants
Central Judaica Database - Museum of History of Polish Jews
Grandchildren of Holocaust Survivors on Facebook
Guide to the YIVO Archives
Holocaust News/Events from Generations of the Shoah Int'l
Holocaust Survivors and Victims Database
JewishGen Family Finder
JewishGen Holocaust Database
JRI-Poland: Search for Your Family
Museum of History of Polish Jews Introduction
Yad Vashem: Search for Your Family
Yad Vashem: Submit Names of Your Family Members
Yad Vashem Requests Photos of Shoah Survivors and Families


Israel: Lublin Jewish Organization and their Descendants
Josef Dakar (Zakrojczyk), Honorary Chair

U.S.: Aaron Biterman