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The first records of Jews in Modliborzyce date from the mid-17th century. In 1674 there were 34
Jews living in town -- more than 20% of the total population. Over the 17th and 18th centuries, the
Jewish population rapidly increased; by 1760, it reached 350 people. At that time, a brick synagogue
was built in town. In the early 1920s, Jews consisted of half of Modliborzyce's residents. The
Jewish community administered a synagogue, a mikveh, a ritual slaughterhouse, a poorhouse and
a cemetery. A few houses of prayer operated here as well. Despite harsh living conditions, political
parties and community organizations were active in town as well. The city employees were:
Wolf Rubinsztejn, Rabbi; Mr. Nordman, ritual slaughterer; Usher Panew, synagogue caretaker;
Mr. Apelblat, secretary; and Izrael Nizenbaum, tax collector.
According to Modliborzyce Shoah survivor Szandla Cukier Feldman, "I went to a Polish state primary
school; it was a mixed school. During religion classes, Jewish pupils used to have a special Jewish
religion class, in Yiddish with a Jewish teacher. My older sisters went to vocational schools in
Modliborzyce. At school I spoke only Polish -- at home, only Yiddish. In Modliborzyce there was a
primary school 'Jawne', a bet-midrasz (Talmud school), and a series of voluntary organizations."
In March 1941, a group of over 1,035 displaced Jews from Vienna arrived in Modliborzyce. Some died
of hunger or illness shortly upon arrival. In June 1942 there were 2,200 Jews in the Modliborzyce
Ghetto, which was liquidated on Oct. 19, 1942. All Jews from the ghetto in Modliborzyce were
transported to the ghetto in Krasnik, from where they were taken to gas chambers in Belzec. During
the occupation, the Nazis plundered and destroyed everything that had belonged to the Jewish community.
The synagogue in Modliborzyce was created in 1760 and was destroyed during the Shoah. It was
reconstructed in the 1950s. The stairs led to the women's gallery, which was on the first floor. From
the east, a two-story annex adjoined the synagogue. The main prayer room was in the shape of a square.
Please review the site content below. Zachor - We Remember.
[Alphabetical List of Jewish Population of Modliborzyce in 1942]
Click to subscribe to Krasnik
Learn more at the Belzec Remembrance Project
The town of Modliborzyce, 1941.
The destroyed synagogue.
A group including Szmul Sztajnberg and Dawid Abus Wajnman, in 1938.
Students in Modliborzyce, 1932.
Students in Modliborzyce, 1934.
Join the Modliborzyce group on Facebook!
Town of Modliborzyce:
- Alphabetical list of the Jewish population of Modliborzyce
(not available online)
Rabbis of Modliborzyce:
- Hersz Goldsztejn
Survivors of Modliborzyce:
- Hersz Baumol (Bojmol)
- Majlach Baumol (Bojmol)
- Laja Cukier
- Szandla Cukier Feldman
- Izrael Sztajnberg
- Chaskiel Sztarkman
- Felek Toytman
Righteous Among the Nations:
- Jan Dziadosz
- Aleksandr Dziadosz
- Sabina Perzyna
Jewish Records Indexing Poland - Modliborzyce
Jewish Vital Records in the Polish State Archives
Remember Your Family:
The DNA Shoah Project: Connecting Descendants
Central Judaica Database - Museum of History of Polish Jews
Grandchildren of Holocaust Survivors on Facebook
Guide to the YIVO Archives
Holocaust News/Events from Generations of the Shoah Int'l
Holocaust Survivors and Victims Database
JewishGen Family Finder
JewishGen Holocaust Database
JRI-Poland: Search for Your Family
Museum of History of Polish Jews Introduction
Yad Vashem: Search for Your Family
Yad Vashem: Submit Names of Your Family Members
Yad Vashem Requests Photos of Shoah Survivors and Families
U.S.: Aaron, LublinJewish@gmail.com