The Death Camp Sobibor was one of the key centers for the extermination of European Jews.
In 2014, additional evidence was discovered regarding the gas chambers at Sobibor Death Camp.
The history of Sobibor is the theme of the memories of Thomas Blatt and Philip Bialowitz as well as the book
"Escape from Sobibor". In accordance with German plans at the very beginning of the occupation of Poland,
the Lublin district was intended to become the crux of the Generalgouvernement's agriculture. To modernize
the agriculture, a series of labor camps were established in Chelm district, including the following:
- Ruda Opalin
- Sobibor village
These were the Sobibor sub-camps. The prisoners were forced to work around 10 hours per day. Many of the prisoners
died of starvation, typhus, and extreme labor. In several camps like Osowa and Sawin they were shot in mass executions.
Around 140,000 Jews from the Lublin district of Poland were deported to Sobibor. Jews from other parts of Europe -- especially
from Holland -- were also transported to Sobibor. HERE is a listing of transports to Sobibor Death Camp.
The uprising broke out on Sukkot -- October 14, 1943. The Jewish prisoners killed 12 German SS officers and 3 Ukrainian guards.
Over 360 people tried to escape. Jews were shot at by guards aiming at them from towers. Barbed wires surrounding the camp injured
the prisoners, and mines surrounding the camp killed them. 158 people died on that day. By 23 October, Germans captured and
killed the next 107 fugitives. Around 58 participants of the uprising survived the war. (Approximately 8 to 10 others escaped the camp prior
to the Sobibor uprising.) Their names are listed below so we can remember their heroism. The insurgents' sacrifices were not in
vain. After the uprising, the Sobibor Death Camp ceased to exist -- saving many other possible victims of the gas chambers.
Immediately after the escape, the Nazis covered up their crimes by burning the bodies at the camp, forcing Jews from another location
to come to the site to help conceal the crimes, eliminating evidence of the gas chambers, and planting trees on top of the key locations.
Nazi Werner Dubois, who was injured during the revolt, was cared for by Shulim Bresler, a dentist who had somehow been recaptured
by the S.S. after the revolt took place. An Austrian Jew named Karl Blau, who was at Treblinka, was transferred to Sobibor in
November 1943 with his wife Adele for the purpose of dismantling the Sobibor camp and covering up the crimes. Both committed suicide.
Nazi Franz Suchomel testified during the Sobibor Trial that their bodies were still dressed when found deceased in Camp III.
Some of the rebels in the camp who were involved in planning and carrying out the Sobibor uprising, but did not survive, include: Bresler,
Shaul Flajszhakier, Luka Poppert-Schoenborn, Berek Lichtman, Kapo Czapik (Czepik), and Joseph Jakobs from Holland.
Some of the Nazis at Sobibor Death Camp.
Nazis at Sobibor.
Funeral for the Nazis killed during the Sobibor revolt. Chelm, Oct. 1943.
A small portion of the ~250,000 victims of Sobibor are remembered here, here, and here. Today a rememberance museum exists at Sobibor.
Information about the perpetrators of the crimes against humanity at Sobibor is available here.
A layout (map) of the death camp is available here.
Below is a list the survivors of the uprising at Sobibor. Little is known about several of the survivors.
We are seeking to correct that so we can learn what happened to each and every survivor. Photos of the survivors are located HERE.
Please contact us if you have information on anyone listed below.
Those in bold text escaped from Sobibor before the October 1943 uprising.
| Survivor Name||Birth Data||After the war||Additional notesSOBIBOR UPRISING SURVIVORS|
|Antony Bardach||Born May 16, 1909 in Lvov, Ukraine (migrated to France)||Died 1959? in Belgium or France|| SEEKING INFORMATION|
|Fiszel Bialowitz||Born 1925 in Izbica, Poland||Died 2016 in Florida||Testimony available|
|Simcha Bialowitz||Born Feb. 14, 1912 in Izbica, Poland||Died Feb. 12, 2014 in Israel|| |
|Jacob Biskubicz||Born March 17, 1926 in Hrubieszow, Poland||Died 2002 in Israel|| |
|Toivi Blatt||Born April 15, 1927 in Izbica, Poland||Died in 2015||Testimony available|
|Moshe Bornsztejn (Bornstein)||Born in Izbica, Poland?||Died Aug. 13, 1993 in Israel||SEEKING INFORMATION |
|Hershel Cukierman||Born April 15, 1893 in Kurow, Poland||Died July, 1979 in Irvington, New Jersey|| Testimony available |
|Josef Cukierman|| Born May 26, 1930 in Kurow, Poland ||Died June 15, 1963 in Germany|| |
|Leon Cymiel (Szymel/Szimel)||Born Feb. 20, 1924 in Chelm; escaped in 1943||Died after 1997 in Warsaw, Poland||Testimony available |
|Josef Duniec||Born Dec. 21, 1912 in Rivne or Kiev, Ukraine (migrated to France)||Died Dec. 1, 1965 in Haifa, Israel|| |
|Shlomo Elster||Born Dec. 1, 1908 in Chelm, Poland||Died March, 1992 in Rechovot, Israel||Name incorrectly recorded as Schlomo Alster|
|Chaim Engel||Born Jan. 10, 1916 in Brudzew, Poland||Died 2003 in Connecticut|| |
|Riwa Feldman||Born Sept. 2, 1924 in Siedliszcze, Poland||Died 2014 in Australia||Became Regina Zielinsky |
|Hela Felenbaum||Born Nov. 25, 1925 in Lublin, Poland)||Died Dec., 1988 in Gedera, Israel||Became Hella Weiss; Testimony available |
|Ada Fiszer||Born Jan. 1, 1915 in Jaroslaw, Poland||Died ~1994 in Holon, Israel||Became Ada Lichtman; Testimony Available |
|Dov Freiberg||Born May 15, 1927 in Warsaw, Poland||Died 2008 in Israel||Testimony available |
|Josef Freitag||Born in 1923 in Wlodawa, Poland||Died in Israel||Listed per interview of the family|
|Herman Gerstenberg||Born Oct. 8, 1909 in Chelm or Lyuboml||Died June 8, 1987 in Queens, New York||Changed his name to Herman Posner|
|Mordechai Goldfarb||Born March 15, 1920 in Piaski, Poland||Died June 8, 1984 in Haifa, Israel||Nicknamed Wladek |
|Salomea Hannel||Born in Ustrzyki Dolne, Ukraine||Death data unconfirmed|| |
|Josef Herszman||Born in 1925 in Zolkiewka, Poland||Died 2005 in Israel|| |
|Moshe Hochman||Born in Zolkiewka, Poland||Died 1989 in Montreal, Canada|| SEEKING INFORMATION - Testimony available |
|Zyndel Honigman||Born April 10, 1910 in Kiev, Ukraine||Died July 1989 in New Jersey|| |
|Zelda Kelberman||Born May 1, 1925 in Siedliszcze, Poland||Died 1980 in New Jersey||Became Zelda Metz |
|Abram Kohn ||Born July 25, 1910 in Lodz/Piontek, Poland||Died 1985 in Australia|| |
|Chaim Korenfeld||Born May 15, 1923 in Izbica, Poland||Died Aug. 13, 2002 in Sao Paulo, Brazil|| |
|Chaim Leist||Born bet. 1906 and 1911 in Zolkiewka, Poland||Died Oct., 2005 in Holon, Israel|| |
|Shmuel Lerer||Born Oct. 1, 1922 in Zolkiewka, Poland||Died 2016 in New Jersey||Testimony available|
|Yehuda "Atleta" Lerner||Born July 22, 1926 in Warsaw, Poland||Died 2007 in Israel|| |
|Yitzchak Lichtman||Born Dec. 10, 1908 in Zolkiewka, Poland||Died 1992 in Holon, Israel|| |
|Yefim Chaim Litwinowski||Born 1921-1922 in Kuybyshev, Russia||Died 1994 in Samara (Kuybyshev)|| |
|Abraham Margulies||Born Jan. 25, 1921 in Zyrardow, Poland||Died 1984 in Israel|| |
|Semion Mazurkiewicz||Born 1913 in Russia ||Died 1997 in Israel||SEEKING INFORMATION |
|Chaskel Menche||Born Jan. 7, 1910 in Kolo, Poland||Died 1984 in Melbourne, Australia|| |
|Moszek Merensztajn ||Born Jan. 15, 1899 in Gorzkow, Poland||Died Dec., 1985 in Forest Hills, New York|| |
|Sasha Pechersky||Born Feb. 22, 1909 in Kremenchuk, Ukraine||Died Jan., 1990 in Rostov, Russia||Testimony available (in Russian)|
|Josef Pelc (Joseph Peltz)||Born Sept. 15, 1910 in Izbica; escaped in 1942 by cutting a fence||Died July, 1980 in Milwaukee, Wisconsin||Referenced as "carpenter from Tyszowce" |
|Naum Plotnicki (Plotnicky)||Born 1913 in Belarus?||Died in Israel||Changed his name to Chaim Plotnikow |
|Shlomo Podchlebnik||Born Feb. 15, 1907 in Kolo, Poland||Died 1973 in Vineland, New Jersey||Changed his name to Solomon Paull |
|Chaim Powroznik||Born in 1911 in Lyuboml, Ukraine||Israel||Referenced as "carpenter from Chelm" |
|Laja Reisner||Born in Izbica, Poland||Israel||Became Lea Bialowitz |
|Ajzik Rotenberg||Born 1925 in Wlodawa, Poland||Murdered 1994 in Israel||Testimony available; Murdered by terrorists |
Hazem Kassem Shbair and Musa Salam Atia
|Simeon Rozenfeld||Born Oct. 1, 1922 in Ternivka, Ukraine||STILL LIVING (Tel Aviv)|| |
|Josef Serchuk (Serczuk)||Born in 1919 in Chelm, Poland||Died in 1993 in Israel||SEEKING INFORMATION|
|Pejsach Spodek||Born Oct. 20, 1916 in Zamosc; escaped in 1942 by hiding in laundry cart||Died July 3, 1988 in Copenhagen, Denmark||Nicknamed Zelman; listed per interview of the family|
|Moshe Szklarek (Szkalek) ||Born July 19, 1927 in Plock, Poland||Died Nov., 2002 in Israel||Changed his name to Moshe Bahir (Bachir) |
|Ulla Stern||Born Aug. 28, 1926 in Hessen, Germany (migrated to Holland)||Died in Ashdod, Israel||Became Ilana Safran; Testimony available |
|Stanislaw Szmajzner||Born March 13, 1927 in Pulawy, Poland||Died March 3, 1989 in Goiania, Brazil||Testimony available (in Portuguese)|
|Boris Taborinski (Tabarinskiy) ||Born in 1917 in Slonim, Belarus||Died after 1988 in Minsk||Testimony available (in Russian)|
|Esther Terner||Born June 11, 1922 in Siedliszcze, Poland||Died 2015 in New Jersey||Became Esther Raab |
|Kurt Ticho||Born April 11, 1914 in Brno, Moravia||Died June 8, 2009 in Columbus, Ohio||Changed his name to Kurt Thomas; Testimony available|
|Israel Trager (Treger)||Born March 5, 1906 in Chelm, Poland||Died Aug. 1, 1969 in Tel Aviv, Israel||Testimony available|
|Alexei Wajcen (Weizen)||Born May 30, 1922 in Grigoriw, Russia||Died 2015 in Ryazan, Russia|| |
|Abraham Wang||Born Jan. 2, 1921 in Izbica, Poland||Died 1978 in Rehovot, Israel|| |
|Arkady Wajspapier||Born in 1921 in Bobrowyj Kut, Russia||STILL LIVING (Donetsk)||Testimony available|
|Kalmen Wewryk (Wewrik)||Born June 25, 1906 in Chelm, Poland|| Died in Canada||Testimony available|
|Selma Wijnberg||Born May 15, 1922 in Groningen, Holland||STILL LIVING||Became Selma Engel; Testimony available |
|Meir Ziss||Born Nov. 15, 1927 in Poland||Died in Israel||aka Berel Ziss; SEEKING INFORMATION |
| Survivor Name||Birth Data||After the war||Additional notesSOBIBOR UPRISING SURVIVORS WHO WERE KILLED AFTER ESCAPING THE CAMP|
|Boris Cybulski (Tsibulski/Cibulski)||Born 1907-1910 in Donbas or Rivne, Ukraine||Death data unconfirmed||Numerous accounts say he was killed as a partisan |
but data from his son Nikolai is that he made it to Russia
|Lejb Dreszer||Born ~1931 in Zolkiewka||Disappeared in Oct. 1943|| |
|Leon Feldhendler||Born 1910 in Zolkiewka, Poland||Murdered in 1945 in Lublin||Referred to as "Baruch" by Sasha Pechersky|
|Kitty "Cathy" Gokkes||Born Sept. 1, 1923 in The Hague, Holland||Died in Sept., 1944 in Parczew Forests||Name often incorrectly recorded as Katty Gokkes |
|Josef Kopf||Native of Bilgoraj||Murdered in 1944 in Bilgoraj|| |
|Fred Kostman||Born ~1922 in Krakow||Murdered on April 23, 1944||Murdered by Marcin Bojarski |
|Aron Licht||Born in Izbica, Poland||Murdered in 1944 between|
Tarzymiechy and Ostrzyca, Poland
|SEEKING INFORMATION |
|Pesia Lieberman||Born 1916 in Chelm; escaped in 1942 with 2 Jews and 2 Ukrainian guards***||Murdered Dec. 1942 near Olchowiec|| |
|Shmuel Machles||Born in Wlodawa; escaped in 1942 by hiding in bushes||Murdered before 1945||SEEKING INFORMATION |
|Gertrude Schonborn Poppert||Born 1914 in Dortmund, Germany||Disappeared in Oct. 1943||Nicknamed Luka |
|Walter Schwarz ||Born ~1910 in Czechoslovakia||Disappeared|| |
|David Serchuk (Sirczuk)||Born in Chelm, Poland||Murdered in 1948 in Lublin||SEEKING INFORMATION |
|Zvi Sobelman||Born circa 1929 in Holeszow, Poland||Killed in 1948 in Israel||Also called Dov Sobelman|
|Alexander Shubayev||Born in 1917 in Chasawjurt, Russia||Murdered in 1944 in Ukraine||Nicknamed Kalimali|
|Szamai Treberman (Treiberman)||From Wlodawa; escaped in 1942 by hiding in bushes||Murdered before 1945||SEEKING INFORMATION |
|Shmuel Wajcen||Born ~1927 in Chodorow (Khodoriv), Ukraine||Murdered|| |
|Ruth unknown||Born in Netherlands||Died in 1944 in Parczew Forests||SEEKING INFORMATION |
** Pesia Lieberman escaped on Dec. 25,1942 in the evening, with Ukrainian guards Viktor
Kisilew and Emil Zischer, and two unidentified Jews. The Ukrainians were armed so Lieberman
went with them after the two unarmed Jews went separately. Five days later they were betrayed
by a farmer while hiding in the village of Kozia Gora, Gmina Wierzbica,
near Chelm, Poland. They were surrounded in a village hut and were killed in a shootout by
three Polish police officers: Misnerowiec, Piescikowski and Kwiatkowski.
| Survivor Name||Birth Data||After the war||Additional notesSOBIBOR UPRISING SURVIVORS WHO WE ARE MISSING DATA ABOUT|
|Ruchla Ajber||Born in 1923 in Wlodawa, Poland||Died 2010 in Illinois||Became Rachel Birnbaum; Testimony available |
|David Begleibter||Born in Zamosc, Poland||Israel||SEEKING INFORMATION |
|Shlomo Bubis||Born in Dubienka, Poland||Israel||SEEKING INFORMATION |
|Jakub Srul Fajgenbaum||Born 1900 in Chelm, Poland||Israel||SEEKING INFORMATION |
|Moshe Honig||Born in Maciejowice, Poland||Died in Bytom, Poland||SEEKING INFORMATION |
|Michael "Mikhail" Ickowicz||Born 1922 in Izbica?||?||SEEKING INFORMATION |
|Nikolai Malchov||Russia? ||?||SEEKING INFORMATION |
|Yankel Pozycki (or Porzecki or Prozansky or Brezicki?)||Born ~1890 in Warsaw||?||SEEKING INFORMATION|
|Motel Ressels||Born in Dubienka, Poland||Chedera, Israel||SEEKING INFORMATION |
|unknown Szeftel (Sheftel)||Born in Wlodawa, Poland||?||SEEKING INFORMATION|
|Fajwel Szwiec ||Born 1920 in Pinsk, Belarus||Israel?||Listed per Sasha Pechersky's book |
|Berl Waks||Born in Izbica, Poland||?||SEEKING INFORMATION |
|Yurek unknown||Born in Hrubieszow, Poland||?||SEEKING INFORMATION |